Source: Sebastian Bauhoff, Katherine Carman, Amelie Wuppermann, RAND, Working Papers, WR-1013, 2013
From the abstract:
Under the U.S. Affordable Care Act (ACA), many low income consumers will become eligible for government support to buy health insurance. Whether these consumers are able to take advantage of the support and to make sound decisions about purchasing health insurance will likely depend on their knowledge and skills in navigating complex financial products. This ability is frequently referred to as “financial literacy”. This paper examined the level and distribution of consumers’ financial literacy across income groups, using 2012 data collected in the RAND American Life Panel, an internet panel representative of the U.S. population. Financial illiteracy was particularly prevalent among individuals with incomes between 100–400% of the Federal Poverty Line, many of whom will be eligible for subsidies. In this group, the young, less educated, females, and those with less income were more likely to have low financial literacy. The findings suggest the need for targeted policies to support vulnerable consumers in making good choices for themselves, possibly above and beyond the support measures already planned for in the ACA.
Source: Suzanne M. Kirchhoff, Congressional Research Service, CRS Report for Congress, R43243, September 25, 2013
The 2010 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA, P.L. 111-148) allows certain individuals and small businesses to buy health insurance through state exchanges, beginning on October 1, 2013. The exchanges are not themselves insurers, but rather are special marketplaces where insurance firms may sell health policies that meet set, federal guidelines. As of September 2013, 16 states and the District of Columbia had secured Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) approval to create their own exchanges, 7 to enter into partnership exchanges, 26 to have federally facilitated exchanges, and 1 to have a state-based Small Business Health Options Program (SHOP)/federally facilitated individual exchange. An estimated 24 million individuals are expected to secure coverage through the exchanges by 2022….
….Some lawmakers, agents, and brokers have raised questions about the navigator and other assistance programs. Issues include whether navigators will have sufficient training and whether HHS regulations provide sufficiently stringent consumer and privacy safeguards. A number of states have passed legislation to further regulate navigators, including requiring navigators to be licensed and to be liable for financial losses due to their advice. HHS has determined that the ACA gives states authority to set additional standards, so long as they do not prevent implementation of Title I of the law, which includes the exchanges and navigator program. This report describes exchange outreach programs, the role of brokers, agents and insurers, and emerging issues regarding consumer outreach assistance…
Source: Scott Hensley, NPR, Shots blog, September 26, 2013
…On the eve of the marketplaces’ planned opening, many people aren’t sure if they’ll qualify for subsidized insurance. Many also have no clear idea of how much their insurance tab would run.
If you’ve asked yourself, “How much will Obamacare cost me?” We can help you find the answer.
A calculator produced by the Kaiser Family Foundation in collaboration with NPR allows shoppers to find out if they qualify for subsidized insurance coverage or Medicaid.
Enter your ZIP code, income, age, family size and a few other factors into the calculator to get subsidy estimates and insurance premiums available for coverage sold on the marketplaces, or exchanges, once enrollment begins….
…As states release details about the insurance plans that will be offered in their exchanges, Kaiser and NPR will update the calculator….
Source: Steven Nyce, Sylvester J. Schieber, John B. Shoven, Sita Nataraj Slavov, David A. Wise, Journal of Public Economics, Volume 104, August 2013
From the abstract:
The strong link between health insurance and employment in the United States may cause workers to delay retirement until they become eligible for Medicare at age 65. However, some employers extend health insurance benefits to their retirees, and individuals who are eligible for such retiree health benefits need not wait until age 65 to retire with group health coverage. We investigate the impact of retiree health insurance on early retirement using employee-level data from 54 diverse firms that are clients of Towers Watson, a leading benefits consulting firm. We find that retiree health coverage has its strongest effects at ages 62 through 64. Coverage that includes an employer contribution is associated with a 6.3 percentage point (36.2%) increase in the probability of turnover at age 62, a 7.7 percentage point (48.8%) increase in the probability of turnover at age 63, and a 5.5 percentage point (38.0%) increase in the probability of turnover at age 64. Conditional on working at age 57, such coverage reduces the expected retirement age by almost three months and reduces the total number of person-years worked between ages 58 and 64 by 5.6%.
Source: Alden J. Bianchi and Edward A. Lenz, Employee Relations Law Journal, Vol. 39 no. 2, Autumn 2013
From the abstract:
The authors discuss five high-level questions that firms in the “general staffing” space, that is, those whose core (or only) business is assignment of temporary and contract workers, face as the struggle to comply with employer shared responsibility under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.
Source: Julia F. Sollenberger, Robert G. Holloway Jr., Journal of the American Medical Association, Viewpoint, Vol. 310 No. 12, September 25, 2013
From the abstract:
Changes in medical information and technology are revolutionizing health care. As clinicians try to incorporate research into practice through comparative effectiveness research and decision support, they increasingly depend on technology to bring evidence to the bedside to improve quality and patient outcomes. Integrating current information into the processes of shared decision making and continuous learning supports the application of evidence in clinical decision making. Health sciences libraries and librarians have an increasingly important role in providing that information to clinicians as well as to patients and their families….
Source: Stateline, Featured Collection, September 23, 2013
The Affordable Care Act is one of the most far-reaching laws in American history and is likely to affect almost all Americans in one way or another. It is also one of the most complicated laws, with repercussions that were little understood or appreciated at the time Congress passed it in 2010.
Three years after its passage—and almost 18 months after it was largely upheld by the U.S. Supreme Court—it remains the subject of enormous division in the country, with many Republicans still hoping to stop it.
These Stateline stories help explain developments in the leadup to the Jan. 1 implementation of the most sweeping provisions of the law: the expansion of Medicaid eligibility (or not, in states that said “no” to expansion) and benefits for those who buy insurance on the new health insurance exchanges. Those exchanges open for business Oct. 1.
Source: Jody L. Herman, Williams Institute, September 2013
From the press release:
Employers report zero or very low costs and yet substantial benefits, for them and their employees alike, when they provide transition-related health care coverage in their employee health benefit plans, according to a new study by Jody L. Herman, Williams Institute Manager of Transgender Research. The report, Costs and Benefits of Providing Transition-related Health Care Coverage in Employee Health Benefits Plans: Findings from a Survey of Employers, released today, finds that a majority of employers reported that they would encourage other employers to add the coverage, and none would advise against it….
…Thirty-four employers participated in a survey to describe their transition-inclusive health benefits plans, how much these plans have cost them, and what, if any, benefits they receive from providing their transition-inclusive plans. Key findings from the survey include:
• Eighty-five percent (85%) of the 26 employers that provided information on costs of adding coverage to their existing health benefits plans reported no additional costs to add the coverage.
• Two-thirds of the 21 employers that provided information on actual costs from employee utilization of the coverage reported zero actual costs due to utilization.
• Based on the experiences of surveyed employers, we would predict that 1 out of 10,000 employees (among employers with 1,000 to 10,000 employees) and 1 out of 20,000 employees (among employers with 10,000 to 50,000 employees) will utilize transition-related health benefits annually when they are available.
• The type, number, and cost of services accessed by individuals will vary, yet as described above, the costs of these benefits, if any, are very low, as is the utilization of the benefit….
Source: Carmen DeNavas-Walt, Bernadette D. Proctor, Jessica C. Smith, U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Report, P60-24 September 2013
This report presents data on income, poverty, and health insurance coverage in the United States based on information collected in the 2013 and earlier Current Population Survey Annual Social and Economic Supplements (CPS ASEC) conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau.
Summary of findings:
• Real median household income in 2012 was not statistically different from the 2011 median income.
• The poverty rate in 2012 was not statistically different from 2011.
• The percentage of people without health insurance decreased between 2011 and 2012, while the number of uninsured in 2012 was not statistically different from 2011.
Source: Richard Cauchi and Holly Valverde, State Legislatures, Vol. 39 no. 8, September 2013
Hospitals are reporting their rates for various procedures in an effort to satisfy those who want more transparency in health care costs.