Job Creation and Local Economic Development – 2018

Source: Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), September 2018

From the abstract:
The biennial report Job Creation and Local Economic Development addresses emerging issues for local economic development. It provides guidance on how a range of policies, from employment and training to economic and social policy, can contribute to better job outcomes at the local level and improve the resilience of local economies. The publication also includes country profiles, providing indicators on employment, skills and social inclusion at subnational level, which are essential to understanding the challenges that local economies currently face.

This third edition of Job Creation and Local Economic Development examines the impact of technological progress on regional and local labour markets. It sheds light on widening regional gaps on job creation, workers education and skills, as well as inclusion in local economies. Drawing on new data, it examines the geographical distribution of the risk of automation and whether jobs lost to automation are compensated by the creation of jobs at lower risk of automation. Building on data from labour force surveys, the report looks at the rise of non-standard work, highlighting the main regional determinants of temporary jobs and self-employment. Finally, it considers determinants of productivity and inclusion in regional and local labour markets, as well as policies to foster greater inclusion of vulnerable groups into the labour market. Individual country profiles provide an overview of regional labour markets and, among other things, an assessment of the performance in terms of “quality” jobs created among different regions.