Trends in the Health Insurance Coverage Dip for Children Near the Poverty Line

Source: Martin Hugo Saavedra, Oberlin College – Department of Economics, July 8, 2014

From the abstract:
Historically, children near the Federal Poverty Line are less likely to be insured than children from both wealthier families (who obtain health insurance from the private market) and poorer families (who obtain government-funded health insurance). This paper proposes a way to systematically measure the size of the health insurance coverage dip near the poverty line. I then use data from the 1988-2012 Current Population Surveys to track how the size of the health insurance coverage dip has changed over time. This dip briefly increased following the expansion of Medicaid in the early 1990s. Thereafter, the coverage dip decreases and nearly disappears during the CHIP era before the passage of the Affordable Care Act.