Race, Neighborhood Danger, and Coping Strategies Among Female Probationers and Parolees

Source: Jennifer E. Cobbina, Merry Morash, Deborah A. Kashy, Sandi W. Smith, Race and Justice, Vol. 4 no. 1, January 2014
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From the abstract:
Research suggests that individuals on probation and parole typically reside in impoverished neighborhoods affected by multiple forms of socioeconomic disadvantage. These neighborhoods are often extremely segregated, resulting in the concentration of deleterious effects, including crime, on communities of color, especially African Americans. We build on previous research by examining how Black and White female offenders negotiate neighborhood crime in distressed communities. Using a mixed-methods approach, our findings suggest that perceptions of neighborhood safety, crime, and strategies to avoid offending are different for Black and White women and related to neighborhood context. We propose that future research should investigate long-term outcomes of the use of particular strategies to address neighborhood crime.
How to keep women on parole out of prison
Source: Andy Henion, Futurity.org, April 16, 2014

As the female prison population grows, more should be done to help women probationers and parolees in poor urban areas remain crime-free, a new study reports…. Probation and parole officers, case managers, and others should help the women find housing in safer areas and provide access to resources to help them stay clean, sober, and stable, says Jennifer Cobbina, lead author of the study and assistant professor of criminal justice at Michigan State University. That could be something as simple as transportation to a mental health or substance abuse treatment meeting. On a larger scale, it means reinvesting in low-income communities and confronting discriminatory housing policies and other barriers to living in positive environments faced by racial minorities, she says….