The EEO-5 survey is conducted to fulfill the reporting responsibility of public elementary and secondary school systems required by the Equal Employment Opportunity Act of 1972–Title VII. As part of its mandate, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission requires periodic reports which indicate the composition for their work forces by sex and by race/ethnic category.
The EEO-5 survey is conducted biennially in every even-numbered year and it covers all the school districts with 100 or more employees in 50 U.S. states and District of Columbia. The reporting school districts provide information on their full-time staff, part-time staff, and new hires in a total of eighteen job categories by men and women and by seven race/ethnic groups. Employment statistics cover the payroll period closest to October 1 of the reporting year and no later than November 30 of the reporting year.