This publication is the second update of the List of Goods Produced by Child Labor or Forced Labor (List) by the Bureau of International Labor Affairs (ILAB) of the U.S. Department of Labor, pursuant to the Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act (TVPRA) of 2005. ILAB published the initial List on September 10, 2009, and published an update on December 15, 2010.
ILAB examined 77 countries for the initial List in 2009, 39 additional countries for the 2010 update, and 60 countries, non-independent countries and territories for this year’s update, completing an initial examination of most countries in the world. The 2011 update adds 2 new goods and 1 new country, for a total of 130 goods from 71 countries that ILAB believes are produced with child labor or forced labor. The countries on the List span every region of the world and are at different stages of development. More goods were found to be made with child labor than forced labor. By sector, agricultural crops comprise the largest category, followed by manufactured goods and mined or quarried goods. The most common agricultural goods listed are cotton, sugarcane, tobacco, coffee and cattle; the most common manufactured goods listed are bricks, garments, carpets and footwear; and the most common mined goods listed are gold, diamonds and coal. The 2011 report adds a new section describing the process by which goods may be removed from the List, based on ILAB’s procedural guidelines.
– View the 2011 bibliography
– View Current Countries and Products (XLS)