In living, learning, and earning, more people with disabilities are falling behind. Disability discrimination is on the rise in housing, employment, and air travel. Thirty-five years after passage of federal civil rights legislation for students with disabilities, too many students are still being segregated and are experiencing poor achievement outcomes. The economic downturn is having a particularly detrimental effect on people with disabilities. Legislation alone does not lead to better outcomes for people with disabilities. The effective implementation and enforcement of disability rights requires federal oversight through ongoing monitoring and evaluation and cross-silo collaborations to ensure the uniform application of the overarching goals of the ADA–full participation, equal opportunity, independent living, and economic self-sufficiency–to all disability policies and programs.