Source: Principal investigators: Frank E. Speizer, Susan E. Hankinson, Walter C. Willett, Affiliated institutions: Harvard Medical School, Harvard School of Public Health, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Children’s Hospital Boston, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Channing Laboratory, 2011
The Nurses’ Health Studies are among the largest and longest running investigations of factors that influence women’s health. Started in 1976 and expanded in 1989, the information provided by the 238,000 dedicated nurse-participants has led to many new insights on health and disease. While the prevention of cancer is still a primary focus, the study has also produced landmark data on cardiovascular disease, diabetes and many other conditions. Most importantly, these studies have shown that diet, physical activity and other lifestyle factors can powerfully promote better health.