Social Equity in Local Emergency Management Planning

Source: Susan Gooden, Dale Jones, Kasey J. Martin, and Marcus Boyd, State and Local Government Review, Vol. 41 no. 1, May 2009
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From the abstract:
When disaster strikes, some populations (including low-income individuals, the disabled, the elderly, and non-English speakers) may be more vulnerable than others in terms of their capacity to cope during and after an event. Government has an important role to play in reducing these vulnerabilities by promoting social equity in the provision of services. In this study, data from 31 localities across the United States are used to examine whether (and how) county and city governments consider the needs of these vulnerable populations as they develop their emergency operations plans, which guide their response efforts to disasters. The primary findings of content analyses of the plans suggest that local governments tend to give more attention to two of these four groups: the elderly and the disabled. Recommendations for ways in which social equity concerns may be addressed in emergency operations plans are offered.

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