Osmotic Mobilization and Union Support during the Long Protest Wave, 1960–1995

Source: John-Paul Ferguson, Thomas Dudley, Sarah A. Soule, Administrative Science Quarterly, OnlineFirst, Published June 8, 2017
(subscription required)

From the abstract:
To examine whether and how social movements that target private firms are influenced by larger protest cycles, we theorize about osmotic mobilization—social movement spillover that crosses the boundary of the firm—and how it should vary with the ideological overlap of the relevant actors and the opportunity structure that potential activists face inside the firm. We test our hypotheses by examining the relationship between levels of protest in U.S. cities around issues like Civil Rights, the Vietnam War, and the women’s movement and subsequent support for labor-union organizing in those cities. Combining nationally representative data on more than 20,000 protest events from 1960 to 1995 with data on more than 150,000 union organizing drives held from 1965 to 1999, we find that greater levels of protest activity are associated with greater union support, that spillover accrued disproportionately to unions with more progressive track records on issues like Civil Rights, and that these effects were disproportionately large in the wake of mobilization around employment-related causes and shrank in the wake of conservative political reaction that limited room for maneuver among the external protesters, the labor movement, or both. Our research helps to specify the channels through which external pressures affect firm outcomes.

Congress’ Browsing Habits

Source: Speak Together, 2017

Find out what the government is doing on your site

Get real time analytics on Congress, White House, and FCC visits to your site, while taking in part in one of the largest movements for internet privacy in the history of the Web.
How to Track What Congress Is Doing on the Internet
Source: Louise Matsakis, Motherboard, June 12, 2017

There’s now a way to track what government employees, including elected officials, are doing online during working hours. A new plugin created by a software engineer in North Carolina lets website administrators monitor when someone accesses their site from an IP address associated with the federal government. It was created in part to protest a piece of legislation the president signed earlier this year. In April, President Trump signed a measure allowing internet service providers (ISPs) to sell sensitive information about your online habits without needing your consent, rolling back Obama-era regulations intended to stop that very thing from happening…..

How to Orient New Members to the Union

Source: Heather Roe, Labor Notes, June 9, 2017

….At the hospital where I work as a nurse, union orientations for new hires are done on-site, something we have negotiated in our contract. I have found it works best in two simple steps: a group orientation, followed by a personal, one-on-one conversation.

An early orientation helps in a few ways:
– It makes sure everyone hears about the union right away.
– It gives us the chance to frame our own message to nurses, rather than letting the employer describe the union.
– It helps us keep track of who has signed up to become a member.

At our local, we are typically seeing these potential members within the first two weeks of their employment. In right-to-work setting, which we’ll face after our contract expires in 2018, these orientations are vital to our future.

I find that the single most important task is to meet people where they are. Everyone comes to the table with a different idea of what a union is and isn’t. Don’t just throw a member application at them. Take some time to listen to them and then build their understanding from a positive place…..

Competitive Intelligence – A Selective Resource Guide – Updated June 2017

Source: Sabrina I. Pacifici, LLRX, June 2017

The accuracy and reliability of data, information, and research published on websites – public, corporate, news, is subject to continuous review and evaluation to establish its accuracy, reliability and usefulness specific to the areas that pertain to your specific work. The requirements of many faceted work product, deliverables, assignments, publications, reports and specialized expert services demand that we in essence continually, rapidly, and effectively boil the vast ocean of knowledge that is often in a continuous state of change. As expert researchers, our work is time sensitive yet requires comprehensive examination of multiple sources, cross-checking data and routinely performing due diligence reviews on sources and publications which we cite and from which we source data. But the Internet is a dynamic ecosytem – sites often change URLs, the subject matter, focus and perspective may be impacted for reasons that are financial, political or even personal, and ownership of sites may change resulting in dramatic changes to the quality and reliability of a site’s content. With increasing frequency, sites go offline, with little or no notification to users, even if they are subscription based. New sites and services pop up, and researchers are challenged to make quick determinations as to their value. However, we have just so many hours in our work day so we identify and rely upon tools and resources that effectively and accurately meet our requirements.

This guide is focused on multi-disciplinary researchers. This latest version of the guide includes dozens of updated links, deletion of sites that are no longer live, as well as numerous new entries throughout. For 21 years LLRX has not changed URL and remains an independent, non-affiliated, one woman owned and edited publication – so please keep me on your list of reliable resources for research and knowledge management. Thank you.

Selected Engines, Web Archives, Open Data Repositories
Selected Business Info Websites, Databases – Fee and Free
Selected Online People and Company Location Sources
Television and Radio News Transcripts
Legislative Monitoring and Tracking
E-Newsletters, Online Newspapers, Journals and News Sources
Monitoring Trends, Companies and Products
Selected RSS Feeds From Business Related News
Identification of Company Legal Representation
Online Tools for Competitor Monitoring
Westlaw and Lexis Trackers
Benchmarking, Country Profiles, IGO and NGO Sources
Blog Search and Selected Social Media Search
Research Directories and Portals
Website Trackers

In Most States, a Spike in ‘Super Commuters’

Source: Tim Henderson, Stateline, June 5, 2017

The number of commuters who travel 90 minutes or more to get to work increased sharply between 2010 and 2015, a shift that traffic experts, real estate analysts and others attribute to skyrocketing housing costs and a reluctance to move, born of memories of the 2008 financial crisis.

In all but 10 states, the number of “super commuters” increased over the period, and in California, Hawaii, Massachusetts, North Dakota and Rhode Island, it grew by more than 40 percent, according to census data. The growth came amid an overall increase in the number of commuters as the economy improved, but the increase in the number of people with the longest rides, 23 percent, was almost three times the increase in the number of those with shorter commutes, close to 8 percent. ….

Gig Work Doesn’t Have to Be Isolating and Unstable

Source: Carrie M. Lane, Harvard Business Review, May 4, 2017

With the rise of the so-called “gig economy” has come debate about how companies treat the people who “work” for them. Much of this criticism asks whether gig workers are underpaid, overworked, or subject to exploitation and even abuse. More fundamentally, others have asked whether gig work, performed even under the best of circumstances, is something to be celebrated. In short, does gig work equal a good job?

This question is a complicated one. Courts are debating whether gig work is technically a “job” at all. Are Uber drivers, TaskRabbits, and Etsy crafters legally employees, independent contractors, or something in between? As employees, gig workers would be entitled to a minimum wage, overtime pay, and unemployment insurance. Securing those rights and protections is important, but it’s not clear that these changes alone will turn gig work into a stable, well-respected career…..

The Strong Do as They Can: How Employment Group-Action Waivers Alienate Employees

Source: Matthew B. Seipe, Labor & Employment Law Forum, Volume 7 Issue 1, Article 4, May 2017

If an employer steals a group of employees’ wages, those employees are free to file a group-action lawsuit at the local courthouse to recover those wages. However, by contractual agreement, some employers require their employees to individually arbitrate their employment claims. These agreements, what this article refers to as compulsory group-action waivers, support the view that “the strong do as they can, while the weak suffer what they must.” Here, the “strong” employer requires the employee to sign away her right to join co-workers and publicly sue the employer. The waiver makes the employee “weak” through alienation –a concept refined and examined by sociologists, psychologists, theologians, and philosophers –by decreasing the employee’s power, meaning, community, and self-actualization in the workplace and society.

Environment, Equity, and Economic Development Goals: Understanding Differences in Local Economic Development Strategies

Source: Xue Zhang, Mildred E. Warner, George C. Homsy, Economic Development Quarterly, OnlineFirst, Published June 6, 2017

From the abstract:
What role do local governments play in promoting sustainable economic development? This study uses a 2014 national survey to analyze the relationship between local environment and social equity motivations and the kinds of economic development strategies local governments pursue (business incentives or community economic development policies). Municipalities that pay more attention to environmental sustainability and social equity use higher levels of community economic development tools and lower levels of business incentives. These places are also more likely to have written economic development plans and involve more participants in the economic development process. In contrast, communities that use higher levels of business incentives have lower income and are more dependent on manufacturing employment. Other capacity measures do not differentiate types of economic development strategies used. This suggests that sustainable economic development strategies can be pursued by a broad array of communities, especially if the motivations driving their economic development policy include environment and equity goals.

State Tax Revenues in Flux

Source: Lucy Dadayan and Don Boyd, Rockefeller Institute of Government, State Revenue Report #107, June 2017

Today, the Rockefeller Institute of Government released a report finding that state and local government tax revenues continue to grow at an extremely slow pace. Specifically, the report finds that:
• State and local government revenue from major taxes increased 2.3 percent in the fourth quarter of 2016 compared to a year earlier, which is slightly slower than the 2.5 percent average growth for the four previous quarters.
• Local governments as a group rely heavily on property taxes, which are relatively stable but weakened somewhat in the fourth quarter, growing by 4.0 percent, compared with a 5.1 percent average in the prior four quarters.
• Total state government tax revenue from all sources grew 1.4 percent. This continues the weakness seen in recent quarters. It is slower than the 1.8 percent growth of the third quarter, and is slightly negative after adjusting for inflation. ….

State Budget Update – Spring 2017

Source: National Conference of State Legislatures, May 2017

From the introduction:
Nearly eight years after the end of the Great Recession, states are again facing budget challenges. Over the past few years, states have consistently struggled with slow revenue growth, and this year is no exception.

Many states describe their fiscal situation as stable in the near term, but slow revenue growth could lead to more fiscal challenges in the future, especially if there is a downturn in the national economy. Demographic changes, low energy prices, and a sluggish agricultural economy are also plaguing some state budgets. This report highlights results from NCSL’s most recent survey of legislative fiscal officers about state budget conditions