The 2009 State Physician Workforce Data Book is an update of the 2007 State Physician Workforce Data Book, examining current physician supply, medical school enrollment, and graduate medical education in the U.S. The report provides the most current data for each state and the District of Columbia in a series of figures and tables, including the U.S. average, state median (excluding DC), and state rank. Additionally, the 2009 edition includes key findings, a new series of U.S.maps, as well as several new figures and tables.
A lot of people are working for free these days. Many are students who are securing unpaid internships as a possible investment in a future career. Others are unemployed and want to gain experience and contacts, so they are volunteering their time and talent. They are heeding advice by career counselors and columnists to offer to work without pay as a way of opening doors to new jobs and careers.
In addition, it’s very likely that many of these arrangements — especially the common practice of unpaid internships — violate minimum wage laws. The Fair Labor Standards Act, the federal wage and hour statute, does allow exemptions to the minimum wage for those who meet “trainee” status. However, one of the requirements for trainee status is that the employer “derives no immediate advantage from the activities of the trainees or students, and on occasion his/her operations may actually be impeded.” This is an awfully tough standard to meet. Most interns provide an “immediate advantage” to the employer, even if the work involves relatively unskilled labor.
The Employment Law Rights of Student Interns
Source: Connecticut Law Review, 2002
The tempification of the American workforce continues apace. While job losses make headlines, we don’t hear as much about an equally insidious trend: real jobs with benefits are being replaced by “contracting opportunities” and temporary placements.
At 8.9 million, education workers accounted for more than half of the 16.7 million state and local government full-time equivalent employees nationwide in 2008, according to new data released by the U.S. Census Bureau.
State and local governments had a 1.4 percent increase in employment from 2007. Local governments — which include counties, cities, townships, special districts and school districts — accounted for 12.3 million full-time equivalent employees in 2008, compared with 4.4 million full-time equivalents that were employed by state governments.
This report will analyze employment trends and labor productivity at institutions of higher education over the past twenty years. What I find is that colleges have altered the composition of their work force by steadily increasing the number of managerial positions and support/service staff, while at the same time disproportionately increasing the number of part-time staff that provides instruction. Meanwhile, employee productivity relative to enrollment and degrees awarded has been relatively flat in the midst of rising compensation.
Source: AFL-CIO, Working America, 2009
Some of the report’s key findings include:
* 31 percent of young workers report being uninsured, up from 24 percent 10 years ago, and 79 percent of the uninsured say they don’t have coverage because they can’t afford it or their employer does not offer it.
* Strikingly, one in three young workers are currently living at home with their parents.
* Only 31 percent say they make enough money to cover their bills and put some money aside–22 percentage points fewer than in 1999–while 24 percent cannot even pay their monthly bills
* A third cannot pay their bills and seven in 10 do not have enough saved to cover two months of living expenses.
* 37 percent have put off education or professional development because they can’t afford it.
* When asked who is most responsible for the country’s economic woes, close to 50 percent of young workers place the blame on Wall Street and banks or corporate CEOs. And young workers say greed by corporations and CEOs is the factor most to blame for in the current financial downturn.
* By a 22-point margin, young workers favor expanding public investment over reducing the budget deficit. Young workers rank conservative economic approaches such as reducing taxes, government spending and regulation on business among the five lowest of 16 long-term priorities for Congress and the president.
* Thirty-five percent say they voted for the first time in 2008, and nearly three-quarters now keep tabs on government and public affairs, even when there’s not an election going on.
* The majority of young workers and nearly 70 percent of first-time voters are confident that Obama will take the country in the right direction.
From the press release:
Among the key findings:
• New Hampshire workers’ median wage, $17.25 in 2008, was lower in 2008 than in any of the previous five years. Hourly wages of low-wage workers declined by seven percent over the last five years.
• Full-time workers now form a smaller share of the state’s labor force, which now comprises of a growing share of involuntary part-time workers, due to layoffs and cutbacks.
• Job growth in New Hampshire has outpaced all other New England states since 2000, but manufacturing jobs continue to disappear.
Federal civilian employment by major geographic area, state, and selected agency, executive branch and selected other agencies, non-postal, full-time, permanent employees and all annuitants.
Source: AWWA Journal, Volume 101 Number 8, August 2009
The August issue deals with workforce issues. Some of the articles include:
Building and recruiting qualified candidates for water industry jobs
– Cheryl Davis, Susan Bailey, Jennifer Day-Burget, Amy Kiernan Sinclair, Anup Shah, and Catherine Curtis
The first in a series of articles about how the water industry can use information technology to address critical workforce development challenges.
Water and wastewater workforce stats–The case for improving job data
– Neil S. Grigg
Policy changes are needed to ensure uniform statistical reporting of the water and wastewater workforce and to provide useful data for influencing national policies and coordinating utility worker training.
Women’s advancement: One engineering firm’s pathway to leadership
– Meg Ibison and Bob Bailey
CH2M HILL’s Women’s Leadership Initiative makes the most of the company’s long-standing inclusive workplace to accelerate women’s advancement.
From the abstract:
The link between rising employer costs for health insurance benefits and demand for part-time workers is investigated using non-public data from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey- Insurance Component (MEPS-IC). The MEPS-IC is a nationally representative, annual establishment survey from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). Pooling the establishment level data from the MEPS-IC from 1996-2004 and matching with the Longitudinal Business Database and supplemental economic data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, a reduced form model of the percent of total FTE employees working part-time is estimated. This is modeled as a function of the employer health insurance contribution, establishment characteristics, and state-level economic indicators. To account for potential endogeneity, health insurance expenditures are estimated using instrumental variables (IVs). The unit of analysis is establishments that offer health insurance to full-time employees but not part time employees. Conditional on establishments offering health insurance to full-time employees, a 1 percent increase in employer health insurance contributions results in a 3.7 percent increase in part-time employees working at establishments in the U.S.