Category Archives: Statistics

FACTS 5: Home care aides at a glance

Source: Paraprofessional Healthcare Institute (PHI), February 2014

From the abstract:
Presents statistics on the home care workforce, including information on wages, hours worked, demographic information, and workforce projections. The personal care aide and home health aide workforces are projected to grow by nearly 50 percent by 2022, making those two occupations the second and third fastest-growing in the country.

Food Insecurity and SNAP (Food Stamps) Participation in LGBT Communities

Source: Gary J. Gates, Williams Institute, February 2014

From the press release:
2.4 million (29%) LGBT adults experienced a time in the last year when they did not have enough money to feed themselves or their family, according to a new Williams Institute study authored by demographer Gary J. Gates. LGBT people experience disproportionate levels of food insecurity and higher participation rates in the SNAP program, especially those raising children, a risk that persists despite possible differences in demographic characteristics between LGBT and non-LGBT individuals like gender, age, race/ethnicity, and educational attainment. For example, data suggest that same-sex couples raising children are approximately twice as likely to receive food stamps as different-sex couples with children….

…According to the US Department of Agriculture, approximately 49 million Americans (nearly 16%) were food insecure in 2012. Food insecurity is generally defined as having limited or uncertain availability of nutritionally adequate and safe foods or limited or uncertain ability to acquire acceptable foods in socially acceptable ways. The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) is the largest federal program designed to alleviate food insecurity. More than 47 million Americans (nearly one in five adults) participate in SNAP, which provides food purchase assistance to low and no-income individuals.

Notably, bisexuals along with LGBT women and people of color are particularly vulnerable to high rates of food insecurity and SNAP participation. One in four bisexuals (25 percent) receive food stamps; 34 percent of LGBT women were food insecure in the last year; and LGBT African Americans, Native Americans, and Native Hawaiians experienced food insecurity in the last year at rates of 37 percent, 55 percent, and 78 percent respectively….

National and State Population Estimates with Components of Change: July 1, 2013

Source: United States Census Bureau, January 2014

The Census Bureau’s Population Estimates Program (PEP) produces estimates of the population for the United States, its states, counties, cities, and towns, as well as for the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico and its municipios. Demographic components of population change (births, deaths, and migration) are produced at the national, state, and county levels of geography. Additionally, housing unit estimates are produced for the nation, states, and counties.

These estimates are used in federal funding allocations, as survey controls, as denominators for vital rates and per capita time series, and as indicators of recent demographic changes. With each new release of annual estimates, the entire time series of estimates is revised for all years back to the last census. All previously published estimates are superseded and archived.

From the press release:
Population estimates will be available on American FactFinder for the nation, states and Puerto Rico. The estimates will include annual components of change (births, deaths and migration) as well as monthly national estimates since the 2010 Census.
2013 National Total Population Estimates
2013 State Total Population Estimates
2013 Puerto Rico Commonwealth Total Population Estimates

Information Fuels Support for School Reform: Facts about local district performance alter public thinking

Source: Michael B. Henderson, William G. Howell, and Paul E. Peterson, Education Next, Vol. 14 no. 2, Spring 2014

From the press release:
Analysis of new survey data show that public perception on K-12 education is strongly influenced by the amount of information at hand. In fact, when made aware of their local district’s national ranking, the share assigning an “A” or “B” grade to the local schools falls by 11 percentage points. At the same time, opposition to teacher tenure increases by 8 percentage points, support for charter schools increases by 7 percentage points, and support for making school vouchers available to all families shoots upward by 13 percentage points.

The findings come from the latest survey of a nationally representative sample of the American public conducted under the auspices of Education Next by Professors Michael B. Henderson (University of Mississippi), William G. Howell (University of Chicago), and Paul E. Peterson (Harvard Kennedy School). The researchers told one randomly chosen group of respondents the national ranking of their local school district, while providing no such information to another randomly chosen group.

The shift in opinion occurs because people are shocked when they learn how poorly their own district ranks nationally, the authors say. …

Key survey findings include the following:
• Nearly two-thirds (64%) of Americans support common core standards, while only 13% oppose them. Those levels do not change significantly when respondents are told the national ranking of their local district.
• When respondents learn how their local schools rank nationally…
* the percentage of those giving the schools an “A” or a “B” on the traditional A to F grading scale drops 11 percentage points, from 49% to 38%;
* support for a proposal to make vouchers available to all families regardless of income jumps 13 percentage points, increasing from 43% to 56%, while opposition to the proposal declines from 37% to 25%;
* support for charter schools shifts upward from 51% to 58% when respondents learn the national rank of the local district, while opposition to charters declines from 26% to 23%;
* opposition to teacher tenure climbs 8 percentage points, from 47% to 55%, while support for tenure drops 8 points to 25%.
• When not informed about current teacher salary levels within their state, 55 percent of Americans favor a salary increase for teachers, and when respondents are told the national ranking of their local schools, that percentage rises slightly to 58%.
• However, when Americans are given information about current teacher salaries, support for higher salaries for teachers falls from 58% to 34%, an extraordinary decline of 24 percentage points.

Prisoners in 2012: Trends in Admissions and Releases

Source: E. Ann Carson, Daniela Golinelli, U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics, NCJ 243920, December 19, 2013

From the abstract:
Presents final counts on prisoners under the jurisdiction of state and federal correctional authorities on December 31, 2012, collected in the National Prisoner Statistics Program. The report expands on the statistics presented in the advance report in July 2013. It includes tables on the number of noncitizen inmates, inmates under age 18 in the custody of state or federal prisons, and prison capacity for each state and the Federal Bureau of Prisons. It also focuses on trends in prison admissions and releases from 1991 to 2011 and the offense and demographic characteristics of yearend prison populations. The report examines data from California state prisons between 2010 and 2012, one year prior and during the implementation of the state’s Public Safety Realignment policy.

Highlights:
– In 2012, the number of admissions to state and federal prison in the United States was 609,800 offenders, the lowest number since 1999. „„
– The number of releases from U.S. prisons in 2012 (637,400) exceeded that of admissions for the fourth consecutive year, contributing to the decline in the total U.S. prison population. „„
– In 2011, the majority of state prisoners in 2011 (53%) were serving time for violent offenses. „„
– New court commitments made up 82% of state admissions in 1978, 57% in 2000, and 71% in 2012. „„
– New court commitments to state prisons for drug offenders decreased 22% between 2006 and 2011, while parole violation admissions decreased 31%. „„
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Unmarried Domestic Partners Benefits Fact Sheet, March 2013

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Spotlight on Statistics, September 2013

Unmarried Domestic Partners Benefit Fact Sheet, March 2013
The “National Compensation Survey: Employee Benefits in the United States, March 2013” (Bulletin 2776) provides data on access to defined benefit retirement survivor benefits and health care benefits for unmarried domestic partners.

Highlights of these data include:
Defined benefit retirement survivor benefits …
Healthcare benefits …

Occupations projected to add most new jobs, 2012 to 2022

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, TED: The Editor’s Desk, January 27, 2014

The 30 occupations that are projected to add the most new jobs by 2022 are expected to account for almost half of all new jobs. Over the 2012 to 2022 period, personal care aides is projected to add 580,800 new jobs, more than any other occupation, corresponding to a growth rate of 48.8 percent. …

… Of the 30 occupations projected to experience the largest employment increases, 5 are in healthcare. Combined, these 5 occupations are projected to add 1.6 million jobs over the 2012–2022 decade. The number of registered nurses is projected to grow by 526,800 (or 19.4 percent), while the number of home health aides is expected to increase by 424,200 (48.5 percent).

The 7 office and administrative support occupations listed in the table of 30 occupations projected to experience the largest employment increases are projected to account for 1.5 million new jobs. This large numeric growth reflects the large size of most of these occupations. The number of secretaries and administrative assistants, except legal, medical, and executive is expected to grow from 2,324,400 to 2,632,300 over the 2012–2022 period, an increase of 307,800 (or 13.2 percent)….

Will Those With Cancelled Insurance Policies Be Better Off in ACA Marketplaces?

Source: John Holahan, Linda Blumberg, and Matthew Buettgen, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Timely Analysis of Immediate Health Policy Issues, January 2014

From the summary:
Recent months have seen considerable focus on cancellations of nongroup health insurance policies that do not meet the standards of the Affordable Care Act. While attention has focused on concern that many of these individuals will face higher premiums as a result of their cancelled policies, this study shows that large numbers of affected individuals can purchase an affordable alternative in the health insurance marketplaces.

The study concludes that it would be difficult for the majority of individuals, particularly those qualifying for subsidies, to obtain coverage for a lower premium than those available in the marketplaces today….

Waging War on Poverty: Historical Trends in Poverty Using the Supplemental Poverty Measure

Source: Liana Fox, Irwin Garfinkel, Neeraj Kaushal, Jane Waldfogel, Christopher Wimer, National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER), NBER Working Paper No. 19789, January 2014

From the abstract:
Using data from the Consumer Expenditure Survey and the March Current Population Survey, we calculate historical poverty estimates based on the new Supplemental Poverty Measure (SPM) from 1967 to 2012. During this period, poverty as officially measured has stagnated. However, the official poverty measure (OPM) does not account for the effect of near-cash transfers on the financial resources available to families, an important omission since such transfers have become an increasingly important part of government anti-poverty policy. Applying the SPM, which does count such transfers, we find that historical trends in poverty have been more favorable than the OPM suggests and that government policies have played an important and growing role in reducing poverty — a role that is not evident when the OPM is used to assess poverty. We also find that government programs have played a particularly important role in alleviating child poverty and deep poverty, especially during economic downturns.