Source: Internal Revenue Service
From press release:
The Internal Revenue Service today released the fall 2007 issue of the Statistics of Income Bulletin, featuring data from 134.4 million individual income tax returns filed for tax year 2005.
U.S. taxpayers reported $7.4 trillion of adjusted gross income less deficit in tax year 2005, up 9.3 percent from tax year 2004 when 132.2 million returns were filed.
Certain types of income posted strong gains between 2004 and 2005. Net capital gains climbed 41 percent and taxable interest rose 29.5 percent, while net partnership and S corporation income gained 27.3 percent.
Taxable income totaled $5.1 trillion in tax year 2005, up 10 percent from the prior year. Total income tax increased for a second straight year, rising 12.4 percent to $934.8 billion. Between tax years 2003 and 2004, total income tax rose 11.2 percent, the first increase in 4 years.
The alternative minimum tax (AMT) grew 33.7 percent between 2004 and 2005 to $17.4 billion. Four million taxpayers paid the AMT in 2005, compared to almost 3.1 million in tax year 2004.
Fall 2007 SOI Bulletin (PDF; 3.6 MB)
Source: The Brookings Institution
By virtue of its size, growth, and relative youth, the Hispanic population will have a growing impact on all policy matters related to the family according to a new report. This impact will be large and distinctive. The growth of the Hispanic population has already slowed the decline of the two-parent parent family in the United States as immigration produces a steady flow of young adults with a higher propensity to marry than their native-born peers, both Latino and non-Latino. But, immigration, particularly under current policies, is also producing a disproportionate number of Hispanics who are geographically separated from their spouses. The dynamics shaping the Hispanic family are both complex and fluid. Within the Hispanic population there are notable differences in the prevalence of some key behaviors. Of greatest concern is the finding that births to women who are unmarried are more common among native-born Latinos than foreign born Latinos. Such differences are especially significant for the long term because a large and growing share of the youth population is made up of the native-born children of immigrants. Survey data shows that a powerful process of acculturation is taking place among immigrants and their offspring which produces an erosion of the strong sense of family evident among recent immigrants in favor of attitudes similar to those of non-Latinos in the U.S. population.
Full Paper (PDF; 449 KB)
Source: S. McGinnis, Center for Health Workforce Studies, School of Public Health, SUNY Albany, January 2007
The services provided by parish nurse/faith community nurses (FCNs) include health education, personal health counseling, referrals and advocacy – services that are increasingly important because of their limited availability in the commercial health care system.
The current study represents a pilot effort at nationwide systematic data collection on parish nurse/FCNs. Data collected included information on background characteristics of parish nurse/FCNs (e.g., demographics and education), parish nursing/FCN practice (e.g., congregation characteristics), services provided to congregations, and workplace issues (e.g., satisfaction and future plans).
Source: D. Robertson, S. McGinnis, and J. Moore, Center for Health Workforce Studies, School of Public Health, SUNY Albany, January 2007
The goal of the pilot study was to test the effectiveness if the survey instrument in producing a detailed description of local public health workers and understand how health workers’ composition, roles, educational backgrounds, and training needs affect the organizational capacity of local health departments in New York to perform essential public health services.
The functional enumeration is still underway, but a sufficient number of online and scannable surveys were returned and processed under the pilot study to serve as a basis for this analysis. This report presents findings and recommendations of the pilot study based on survey responses from 1,480 public health workers at 26 local health departments across the state that were received by July 15, 2006.
Source: Aaron Terrazas, Jeanne Batalova, Velma Fan, Migration Policy Institute, October 2007
The US debate over immigration policy has raised many questions about immigrants — their origins, numbers and characteristics, as well as who has settled in which states.
This Spotlight provides answers to many of these frequently asked questions by bringing together resources from the Migration Policy Institute, the US Census Bureau’s American Community Survey and Decennial Census, US Departments of Homeland Security and State, and Mexico’s National Population Council.
Source: Paul Fronstin, Employee Benefit Research Institute, Issue Brief, no. 310, October 2007
What kind of work do you do? What is your income? Are you a man or woman? How many are employed at the firm where you work? Do you work full time or part time? Answers to these questions are key determinants of an individual’s likelihood of having health insurance, according to the October 2007 EBRI Issue Brief, published by EBRI.
Source: Brookings Institution and the Urban Institute, Tax Policy Center
The State & Local Finance Data Query System (SLF-DQS) allows flexible presentation of data from the Census of Governments State and Local Finance series. That series contains detailed revenue, expenditure and debt variables for the United States, each of the 50 states, and the District of Columbia for 1977-2004. The data are available by type of government: state, local, state and local totals, and local government detail. All data presented are state aggregates of finance data for the selected level of government. Users can view the data along different dimensions, in real or nominal dollars, and on a per capita or fraction of personal income, general revenues or total expenditures basis. This tool is useful for comparative, single state, or time series analysis.
Source: Angela Harper, Social Security Administration, SSA Publication No. 13-11785, September 2007
Fast Facts & Figures answers the most frequently asked questions about the programs SSA administers. It highlights basic program data for the Social Security (retirement, survivors, and disability) and Supplemental Security Income programs.
• Annual Statistical Supplement, 2007 (forthcoming December 2007)
Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Women’s Bureau, Fact Sheet, October 2007
• Quick Facts on Registered Nurses (RNs)
• Registered nurses (RNs), regardless of specialty or work setting, perform basic duties that include treating patients, educating patients and the public about various medical conditions, and providing advice and emotional support to patients’ family members.
• Registered Nurses (RNs) continue to be the healthcare occupation with the largest employment-2.5 million jobs. This is nearly three times the number of physicians and surgeons at 863,000.
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, August 2007
From the summary:
This report, Charting the U.S. Labor Market in 2006, includes graphs and text describing the U.S. labor market in 2006. Highlights include information about educational attainment, race and Hispanic ethnicity, women, and families.
These data were compiled from several statistical programs of the Bureau of Labor Statistics and are presented together to give an overview of the employment and unemployment situation for the nation that presents both recent data and historical trends over time.