Source: Kim Rueben and Carol Rosenberg, Urban Institute, April 14, 2008
From the abstract:
State and local revenues have been relatively stable over the last 30 years, growing from 13.5 percent of GDP in 1972 to 16.3 percent in 2005. However, as shown in the table, the composition of revenues has changed, with property taxes declining from 25.6 percent of revenues to only 16.6 percent. Much of this decline occurred in the 1970s.
Source: Robert Reed, National Tax journal, Vol. LXI, No. 1, March 2008
I estimate the relationship between taxes and income growth using data from 1970–1999 and the forty–eight continental U.S. states. I find that taxes used to fund general expenditures are associated with significant, negative effects on income growth. This finding is generally robust across alternative variable specifications, alternative estimation procedures, alternative ways of dividing the data into “five–year” periods, and across different time periods and Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) regions, though state–specific estimates vary widely. I also provide an explanation for why previous research has had difficulty identifying this “robust” relationship….
Source: Community Research Partners and Rebuild Ohio, February 2008
The debilitating effects of vacant and abandoned properties are evident in neighborhoods and communities throughout Ohio and the nation, and the recent foreclosure epidemic has made the issue of vacant properties a top news story and catapulted it to the top of public policy agendas. However, this is a long-standing problem in older and central city housing markets, where the issues of predatory and subprime lending and vacant and abandoned housing have existed for many years.
This research documents the magnitude and cost of the vacant and abandoned properties problem in eight Ohio cities: Cleveland, Columbus, Dayton, Ironton, Lima, Springfield, Toledo, Zanesville. The research found:
– 25,000 vacant and abandoned properties
– Widespread vacancies in both large and small cities
– $15 million in annual city service costs
– $49 million in cumulative lost property tax revenues to local governments and school districts
– Weakened neighborhood housing markets with evidence of property flipping
– Limited capacity of cities, on their own, to track and address vacant and abandoned properties
Source: National Institute for Early Education Research
From press release (Pew Charitable Trusts):
State-funded preschools served over one million children last year, yet public pre-K was unavailable for most 3- and 4-year-olds, according to the annual survey released today by the National Institute for Early Education Research (NIEER).
Funded by The Pew Charitable Trusts, The State of Preschool 2007 ranks all 50 states on the percentage of children served and spending per child. It also compares the number of quality benchmarks each state meets for the 2006-2007 school year. The survey found that enrollment, quality and state spending per child increased.
Yet, 12 states offered no state-funded preschool education and others faltered in their commitment to the quality of their early education programs. The report showed that nationally less than half of all 4-year-olds were enrolled in government-supported preschool education programs and one quarter received no preschool. For 3-year-olds the situation was worse, with only 15 percent enrolled in public programs and 50 percent receiving no early education.
Children from wealthy families can attend expensive private preschools while the federal Head Start program and most state-funded preschool education is targeted at lower income families.
Full Report (PDF; 8.4 MB)
State Profiles (PDFs)
Source: U.S. House of Representatives, Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, March 2008
From the press release:
Although Medicaid is the largest health care program operated by the states, the Administration has failed to provide any estimates of the state-specific impacts of its regulations. After several unsuccessful attempts by the Committee to obtain these important state estimates from CMS, the Committee requested an analysis from Medicaid State Directors on the impact of the CMS regulations on their state.
The report finds that the state estimates of the fiscal impact of the CMS regulations are significantly higher than the $15 billion impact projected by the Administration for next five years. States estimated that the regulations would reduce federal payments to them by nearly $50 billion over the next five years, more than three times the Administration’s estimate.
The large discrepancy between the state estimates and the CMS estimates is evidence that the regulations are likely to have a much larger fiscal and programmatic impact on state Medicaid programs and state budgets than people realize.
▪ Summaries of State Responses
▪ Interactive Map
▪ Response from Center for Medicaid and State Operations
Source: Katherine Barrett & Richard Greene, Governing Magazine, March 2008
Information is king. No single idea emerges more clearly from year-long research done for the 2008 Government Performance Project. As always, this report focuses on four fundamental areas of government management: Information, People, Money and Infrastructure. But this year, the elements that make up the information category — planning, goal-setting, measuring performance, disseminating data and evaluating progress — overlap with the other three fields to a greater degree than ever before. Information elements, in short, are key to how a state takes care of its infrastructure, plans for its financial future and deals with the dramatic changes affecting the state workforce.
Get individual state report cards via dropdown menu.
Pew Center on the States
Source: Intergovernmental Forum on Transportation Finance, January 2008
From the press release:
WASHINGTON, March 12 —
The gap between America’s surface transportation needs and the financial resources required to bridge them is large, immediate and long-term, according to a report released by state and local government groups. All levels of government must work together to set system-performance goals and provide the financial means to meet those goals, the report concluded.
Source: Liana Fox, Economic Policy Institute, Snapshot, March 12, 2008
A recent study released by the Pew Center on the States examines the rapid growth of the U.S. prison population, which has tripled over the past 20 years. The United States now holds the distinction of imprisoning more of its own citizens, both in total number and share of the adult population, than any other country in the world. In 2007, the United States had a record-breaking one out of every 100 adults in prison. Policy changes in sentencing and parole revocation, rather than increases in crime, have largely driven the increase in incarceration rates.
Source: Iris J. Lav and Elizabeth Hudgins, Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, March 13, 2008
From the summary:
To date, at least 17 states facing deficits have made or proposed budget cuts that threaten vital services for many residents, including some of the state’s most vulnerable residents.