Category Archives: Law Enforcement

Combat Deployment and the Returning Police Officer

Source: Barbara Webster, U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Community Oriented Policing Services, COPS Innovations, e08086158, August 2008

Strategies for reintegrating police officers who have been deployed in combat zones are presented. This report has these sections: introduction; project background; psychological effects of combat and natural disasters; intervention and treatment; law enforcement agency responses — L.A. Police Department Military Liaison Program, L.A. Sheriff’s Department Military Activation Committee, Kansas City (Missouri) Police Department, and Richland County (South Carolina) Sheriff’s Department; and conclusions and recommendations.

Improving Responses to People with Mental Illness: The Essential Elements of a Specialized Law Enforcement-Based Program

Source: Matt Schwarzfeld, Melissa Reuland, Martha Plotkin, Council of State Governments Justice Center in partnership with the Police Executive Research Forum For the Bureau of Justice Assistance, Office of Justice Programs U.S. Department of Justice, 2008

The ten essential elements comprising a specialized law enforcement-based program are described. Elements are: collaborative planning and implementation; program design; specialized training; call-taker and dispatcher protocols; stabilization, observation, and disposition; transportation and custodial transfer; information exchange and confidentiality; treatment, supports, and services; organizational support; and program evaluation and sustainability.

Criminal Victimization in the United States — Statistical Tables 2006

Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics, August 29, 2008

Presents 110 tables with detailed data on major variables measured by the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS).

Topics covered include –
• crimes of violence (rape, gender, sexual assault, robbery, assault) and theft (pocket picking, purse snatching, burglary, theft, and motor vehicle theft), with data on victim characteristics (gender, age, race, ethnicity, marital status, income, and residence)
• crime characteristics (time and place of occurrence, distance from home, weapon use, self-protection, injury, medical care, economic loss, and time lost from work)
• victim-offender relationship
• victims’ perceptions of substance use by offenders and of offender characteristics (age, race, and gender)
• police response time for reported crimes

FBI Releases 2007 Crime Statistics

Source: Federal Bureau of Investigation, Press Release, September 15, 2008

After rising for two straight years, the estimated number of violent crimes in the nation declined from the previous year’s total. The declining trend continued for property crimes, as those offenses were down for the fifth year in a row.

Statistics released today by the FBI show that the estimated volume of violent crime was down 0.7 percent, and the estimated volume of property crime decreased 1.4 percent in 2007 when compared with 2006 figures. The estimated rate of violent crime was 466.9 occurrences per 100,000 inhabitants (a 1.4 percent decrease from the 2006 rate), and the estimated rate of property crime was 3,263.5 per 100,000 inhabitants (a 2.1 percent decline).

The FBI presented these data today in the 2007 edition of Crime in the United States, a statistical compilation of offense and arrest data as reported by law enforcement agencies throughout the nation. The FBI collected these data via the Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) program.
Crime in the United States 2007
Annual Digest of Crime (synopsis)

Getting in Sync: State-Local Fiscal Relationships for Public Safety

Source: Pew Charitable Trusts, Public Safety Policy Brief, No. 6, July 2008

Some offenders need to be put in prison. Others can be managed safely on probation in the community. But judges and prosecutors often face the difficult task of figuring out what to do with defendants who don’t fit cleanly into either group.

GSA authorized to help state and local governments purchase equipment

Source: American City and County Local Government Update, Vol. 8 No. 29, July 7, 2008

The U.S. General Services Administration (GSA) has been authorized to help state and local governments purchase homeland security equipment, such as alarm systems, facility management systems, and law enforcement and fire fighting equipment. Under the Local Preparedness Acquisitions Act, signed by President Bush on June 25, the GSA may now allow state, local and tribal governments to participate in its cooperative purchasing program to buy the equipment at discounted rates.

Blurring the Line Between Public and Private Sectors: The Case of Police Officers’ Off-duty Employment

Source: James R. Brunet, Public Personnel Management, Vol. 37, no. 2, Summer 2008
(subscription required) (scroll down)

While much recent attention has been given to the outsourcing of government services, little is known about the opposite situation in which private organizations retain the services of public workers. Such is the case when off-duty municipal police officers work for private concerns. Police officers have specialized training and law enforcement authority, two commodities in high demand in the private labor market. This analysis seeks to answer three questions about this largely unexplored personnel practice: (1) How much off-duty work is being undertaken? (2) How do departments administer the practice? And (3) What issues and/or conflicts emerge from this blending of public and private spheres. Data were collected through interviews with representatives from the 18 largest police departments in North Carolina and through a review of off-duty policies. The article concludes with suggestions fro maximizing the public benefits that accrue when police officers work for private entities.

The Ripple Effect of Virginia Tech: Assessing the Nationwide Impact on Campus Safety and Security Policy and Practice

Source: Midwestern Higher Education Compact

The events of April 16, 2007, were followed by a flurry of activity on campuses across the nation as colleges and universities conducted internal reviews of emergency procedures, notification systems, and policies related to student behavior. Many campuses have implemented new or enhanced processes and technologies to improve communications and the mobilization of emergency resources and first responders. The shootings also spurred renewed discussion and debate about gun safety and weapons regulation, mental health counseling, and the often difficult balance between student privacy and the need to share certain information with parents, medical professionals, and law enforcement agencies.

Subsequent shootings at Delaware State University, Louisiana Technical College, and Northern Illinois University have raised further questions about how such crimes can be prevented and whether colleges and universities are sufficiently prepared to respond to incidents of violence and other emergency situations. This report provides a snapshot of how colleges and universities are addressing these issues and the changes that have resulted from safety and security audits conducted at institutions across the country.

Full report (PDF; 1.6 MB)

Recruitment, Hiring, and Retention Resources for Law Enforcement

Source: Community Oriented Policing Services, U.S. Department of Justice, May 2008

Links to online resources for recruiting, hiring, and retaining law enforcement staff are provided at this website. Resource links are organized into these areas: recruitment and hiring; retention and training; ethics and integrity; early intervention; and managing stress.