Category Archives: Law Enforcement

State and Local Law Enforcement Training Academies, 2006

Source: Brian A. Reaves, Bureau of Justice Statistics, NCJ 222987, February 2009

From the press release:
A total of 648 state and local law enforcement training academies were providing basic training to entry-level recruits at yearend 2006, the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) in the Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice, announced today. An estimated 57,000 recruits entered basic training at these academies during 2005. Eighty-six percent of recruits successfully completed training and graduated from the academy.

The average cost of operating a training academy totaled $1.3 million during 2005. Academies spent an estimated $16,000 per successful recruit.

Nearly all academies trained recruits for careers as local police officers (92 percent), and many academies trained recruits who were hired as sheriffs’ deputies (70 percent) or campus police officers (50 percent). Some academies also trained recruits for careers as state police officers (21 percent), constables (16 percent), tribal police officers (15 percent), natural resources officers (15 percent), or transportation police officers (14 percent).

More than two-thirds of academies were operated by colleges and universities (45 percent) or municipal police departments (22 percent). Training programs averaged 761 hours of classroom time. A third of academies required an average of 453 hours of mandatory field training.

The academies employed more than 10,000 full-time and 28,000 part-time instructors during 2006 and spent around $33,000 per full-time equivalent employee.

Federal Funding for State Innovation: Implementing the Recovery Plan: A Resource Guide for State Legislators and Advocates

Source: Progressive States Network, Stateside Dispatch, February 19, 2009

Recognizing the severity of the economic crisis our nation faces, President Obama this week signed the landmark American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, a plan aimed at “restoring or saving” 3.5 million jobs and investing in the long-term future of the American economy.

Built into the plan is a recognition that while the federal government can assist in funding the work, most of the implementation of the plan will happen in the states. This Dispatch provides facts, guidance and a collection of resources to state leaders and advocates on how to implement the recovery plan in a strategic manner that strengthens our states and honors our progressive values.

Contents include:
Overview – Summaries and Key Resources

Transparency Requirements for States

Education

Health Care:

* Medicaid Support | Health Care for the Unemployed | SCHIP expansion and inclusion of immigrant children and pregnant women | Health Information Technology

Clean Energy and Transportation Investments

* State Energy Conservation Programs | Upgrading the Electrical Grid | Transportation and Infrastructure Investments

Broadband Provisions

Unemployment and Training Programs:

* Extended and Expanded Benefits | Modernizing Unemployment Insurance Systems | Training Funds | Expanded Safety Net Support | TANF Funding | Nutrition Programs | Child Care and Support | Affordable and Emergency Housing

Criminal Justice Funding

Justice Department Issues New FBI Guidelines

Source: Center for Democracy and Technology, October 03, 2008

The Justice Department today issued new guidelines for FBI investigations, weakening the standards that have long been in place to ensure proper targeting of law enforcement and national security investigations. The guidelines represent another step in the creation of a domestic intelligence system in the United States. They permit FBI agents to go undercover to collect information, send in informants and tail citizens, all without suspicion of wrongdoing or connections to a foreign power.
Attorney General Guidelines
DOJ Fact Sheet
FBI Dir. Mueller/ A.G. Mukasey Statement

Combat Deployment and the Returning Police Officer

Source: Barbara Webster, U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Community Oriented Policing Services, COPS Innovations, e08086158, August 2008

Strategies for reintegrating police officers who have been deployed in combat zones are presented. This report has these sections: introduction; project background; psychological effects of combat and natural disasters; intervention and treatment; law enforcement agency responses — L.A. Police Department Military Liaison Program, L.A. Sheriff’s Department Military Activation Committee, Kansas City (Missouri) Police Department, and Richland County (South Carolina) Sheriff’s Department; and conclusions and recommendations.

Improving Responses to People with Mental Illness: The Essential Elements of a Specialized Law Enforcement-Based Program

Source: Matt Schwarzfeld, Melissa Reuland, Martha Plotkin, Council of State Governments Justice Center in partnership with the Police Executive Research Forum For the Bureau of Justice Assistance, Office of Justice Programs U.S. Department of Justice, 2008

The ten essential elements comprising a specialized law enforcement-based program are described. Elements are: collaborative planning and implementation; program design; specialized training; call-taker and dispatcher protocols; stabilization, observation, and disposition; transportation and custodial transfer; information exchange and confidentiality; treatment, supports, and services; organizational support; and program evaluation and sustainability.

Criminal Victimization in the United States — Statistical Tables 2006

Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics, August 29, 2008

Presents 110 tables with detailed data on major variables measured by the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS).

Topics covered include –
• crimes of violence (rape, gender, sexual assault, robbery, assault) and theft (pocket picking, purse snatching, burglary, theft, and motor vehicle theft), with data on victim characteristics (gender, age, race, ethnicity, marital status, income, and residence)
• crime characteristics (time and place of occurrence, distance from home, weapon use, self-protection, injury, medical care, economic loss, and time lost from work)
• victim-offender relationship
• victims’ perceptions of substance use by offenders and of offender characteristics (age, race, and gender)
• police response time for reported crimes

FBI Releases 2007 Crime Statistics

Source: Federal Bureau of Investigation, Press Release, September 15, 2008

After rising for two straight years, the estimated number of violent crimes in the nation declined from the previous year’s total. The declining trend continued for property crimes, as those offenses were down for the fifth year in a row.

Statistics released today by the FBI show that the estimated volume of violent crime was down 0.7 percent, and the estimated volume of property crime decreased 1.4 percent in 2007 when compared with 2006 figures. The estimated rate of violent crime was 466.9 occurrences per 100,000 inhabitants (a 1.4 percent decrease from the 2006 rate), and the estimated rate of property crime was 3,263.5 per 100,000 inhabitants (a 2.1 percent decline).

The FBI presented these data today in the 2007 edition of Crime in the United States, a statistical compilation of offense and arrest data as reported by law enforcement agencies throughout the nation. The FBI collected these data via the Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) program.
Crime in the United States 2007
Annual Digest of Crime (synopsis)

Getting in Sync: State-Local Fiscal Relationships for Public Safety

Source: Pew Charitable Trusts, Public Safety Policy Brief, No. 6, July 2008

Some offenders need to be put in prison. Others can be managed safely on probation in the community. But judges and prosecutors often face the difficult task of figuring out what to do with defendants who don’t fit cleanly into either group.

GSA authorized to help state and local governments purchase equipment

Source: American City and County Local Government Update, Vol. 8 No. 29, July 7, 2008

The U.S. General Services Administration (GSA) has been authorized to help state and local governments purchase homeland security equipment, such as alarm systems, facility management systems, and law enforcement and fire fighting equipment. Under the Local Preparedness Acquisitions Act, signed by President Bush on June 25, the GSA may now allow state, local and tribal governments to participate in its cooperative purchasing program to buy the equipment at discounted rates.