Of the $787 billion in federal aid included in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA), the Office of Justice Programs (OJP) will distribute $2.76 billion through several grant programs. The largest program, OJP’s Edward Byrne Memorial Justice Assistance Grant (JAG), will receive $2 billion from ARRA that will go to help local governments prevent crime and improve the criminal justice system. JAG funding is distributed according to a formula of population and crime statistics. Read the entire article here.
From the press release:
A total of 648 state and local law enforcement training academies were providing basic training to entry-level recruits at yearend 2006, the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) in the Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice, announced today. An estimated 57,000 recruits entered basic training at these academies during 2005. Eighty-six percent of recruits successfully completed training and graduated from the academy.
The average cost of operating a training academy totaled $1.3 million during 2005. Academies spent an estimated $16,000 per successful recruit.
Nearly all academies trained recruits for careers as local police officers (92 percent), and many academies trained recruits who were hired as sheriffs’ deputies (70 percent) or campus police officers (50 percent). Some academies also trained recruits for careers as state police officers (21 percent), constables (16 percent), tribal police officers (15 percent), natural resources officers (15 percent), or transportation police officers (14 percent).
More than two-thirds of academies were operated by colleges and universities (45 percent) or municipal police departments (22 percent). Training programs averaged 761 hours of classroom time. A third of academies required an average of 453 hours of mandatory field training.
The academies employed more than 10,000 full-time and 28,000 part-time instructors during 2006 and spent around $33,000 per full-time equivalent employee.
Recognizing the severity of the economic crisis our nation faces, President Obama this week signed the landmark American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, a plan aimed at “restoring or saving” 3.5 million jobs and investing in the long-term future of the American economy.
Built into the plan is a recognition that while the federal government can assist in funding the work, most of the implementation of the plan will happen in the states. This Dispatch provides facts, guidance and a collection of resources to state leaders and advocates on how to implement the recovery plan in a strategic manner that strengthens our states and honors our progressive values.
Overview – Summaries and Key Resources
* Medicaid Support | Health Care for the Unemployed | SCHIP expansion and inclusion of immigrant children and pregnant women | Health Information Technology
* State Energy Conservation Programs | Upgrading the Electrical Grid | Transportation and Infrastructure Investments
* Extended and Expanded Benefits | Modernizing Unemployment Insurance Systems | Training Funds | Expanded Safety Net Support | TANF Funding | Nutrition Programs | Child Care and Support | Affordable and Emergency Housing
Criminal Justice Funding
The Justice Department today issued new guidelines for FBI investigations, weakening the standards that have long been in place to ensure proper targeting of law enforcement and national security investigations. The guidelines represent another step in the creation of a domestic intelligence system in the United States. They permit FBI agents to go undercover to collect information, send in informants and tail citizens, all without suspicion of wrongdoing or connections to a foreign power.
• Attorney General Guidelines
• DOJ Fact Sheet
• FBI Dir. Mueller/ A.G. Mukasey Statement
Strategies for reintegrating police officers who have been deployed in combat zones are presented. This report has these sections: introduction; project background; psychological effects of combat and natural disasters; intervention and treatment; law enforcement agency responses — L.A. Police Department Military Liaison Program, L.A. Sheriff’s Department Military Activation Committee, Kansas City (Missouri) Police Department, and Richland County (South Carolina) Sheriff’s Department; and conclusions and recommendations.
Source: Matt Schwarzfeld, Melissa Reuland, Martha Plotkin, Council of State Governments Justice Center in partnership with the Police Executive Research Forum For the Bureau of Justice Assistance, Office of Justice Programs U.S. Department of Justice, 2008
The ten essential elements comprising a specialized law enforcement-based program are described. Elements are: collaborative planning and implementation; program design; specialized training; call-taker and dispatcher protocols; stabilization, observation, and disposition; transportation and custodial transfer; information exchange and confidentiality; treatment, supports, and services; organizational support; and program evaluation and sustainability.
Presents 110 tables with detailed data on major variables measured by the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS).
Topics covered include –
• crimes of violence (rape, gender, sexual assault, robbery, assault) and theft (pocket picking, purse snatching, burglary, theft, and motor vehicle theft), with data on victim characteristics (gender, age, race, ethnicity, marital status, income, and residence)
• crime characteristics (time and place of occurrence, distance from home, weapon use, self-protection, injury, medical care, economic loss, and time lost from work)
• victim-offender relationship
• victims’ perceptions of substance use by offenders and of offender characteristics (age, race, and gender)
• police response time for reported crimes
After rising for two straight years, the estimated number of violent crimes in the nation declined from the previous year’s total. The declining trend continued for property crimes, as those offenses were down for the fifth year in a row.
Statistics released today by the FBI show that the estimated volume of violent crime was down 0.7 percent, and the estimated volume of property crime decreased 1.4 percent in 2007 when compared with 2006 figures. The estimated rate of violent crime was 466.9 occurrences per 100,000 inhabitants (a 1.4 percent decrease from the 2006 rate), and the estimated rate of property crime was 3,263.5 per 100,000 inhabitants (a 2.1 percent decline).
The FBI presented these data today in the 2007 edition of Crime in the United States, a statistical compilation of offense and arrest data as reported by law enforcement agencies throughout the nation. The FBI collected these data via the Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) program.
• Crime in the United States 2007
• Annual Digest of Crime (synopsis)
Some offenders need to be put in prison. Others can be managed safely on probation in the community. But judges and prosecutors often face the difficult task of figuring out what to do with defendants who don’t fit cleanly into either group.
ICMA did a study, as part of a larger effort to improve public safety in Annapolis, Maryland, addressing a serious increase in the number of homicides occurring in the city largely in public and subsidized housing projects.