Source: Willis Towers Watson, Press Release, May 8, 2019
An increasing number of employers intend to provide their workforce with better access to high-quality and cost-effective health care by embracing a myriad of solutions such as high-performance networks, centers of excellence, onsite or near-site health centers, and accountable care organizations. Nearly one-half (45%) of employers say they intend to adopt these types of solutions by 2021, compared to just 32% that have already done so, according to research from leading global advisory, broking and solutions company Willis Towers Watson’s Health Care Access and Delivery Survey.
Notably, the survey also uncovered employers’ top concerns around delivering high-quality, comprehensive health care to their workforce and found they’re most concerned about inadequate access to mental health services (54%) and substance abuse treatment (47%)…..
Source: Emily Fazio, Regional Financial Review, Vol. 29 no. 9, May 2019
Mortality in the U.S. is rising. As a result, life expectancy at birth has fallen every year since its peak in 2014. This paper discusses the rise in mortality and the influence of increased rates of suicide and fatal drug overdoses. It also looks at geographic differences in mortality. Third, this paper considers the impact of economic conditions on changes in mortality, suicide rates, and fatal drug overdoses.
Source: Janet C. Frank, Kathryn G. Kietzman, and Alina Palimaru, UCLA Center for Health Policy Research, Health Policy Brief, January 2019
The Workforce Education and Training component of California’s Mental Health Services Act, which passed in 2004, has infused funding into the public mental health system. However, funding has not kept pace with an existing behavioral health workforce shortage crisis, the rapid growth of an aging population, and the historical lack of geriatric training in higher education for the helping professions. This policy brief draws on recent study findings, state planning documents, and a review of the literature to describe gaps and deficiencies in the behavioral health workforce that serves older adults in California. The brief offers recommendations to the following specific audiences for improving workforce preparation and distribution: state policymakers and administrators; educational institutions, accrediting bodies, and licensing boards; and county mental health/behavioral health departments and their contracted providers…..
Source: Carolyn C. Foster, Rishi K. Agrawal, and Matthew M. Davis, Health Affairs, Vol. 38, No. 6, June 2019
From the abstract:
With the medical and surgical advances of recent decades, a growing proportion of children rely on home-based care for daily health monitoring and care tasks. However, a dearth of available home health care providers with pediatric training to serve children and youth with medical complexity markedly limits the current capacity of home health care to meet the needs of patients and their families. In this article we analyze the workforce gaps, payment models, and policy challenges unique to home health care for children and youth with medical complexity, including legal challenges brought by families because of home nursing shortages. We propose a portfolio of solutions to address the current failures, including payment reform, improved coordination of services and pediatric home health training through partnerships with child-focused health systems, telehealth-enabled opportunities to bridge current workforce gaps, and the better alignment of pediatric care with the needs of adult-focused long-term services and supports.
Source: Geoffrey Propheter, Public Budgeting and Finance, Early View, First published: March 25, 2019
From the abstract:
This study estimates the property tax expenditure for nonprofit hospitals (NPHs) in New York City using Medicare and IRS data from 2011 through 2013. After comparing the estimates to various definitions of community benefits, it is concluded that NPHs generally earn their property tax break. Evidence is also presented that using book values is a reasonably accurate method for estimating the property tax expenditure nationwide. Finally, econometric analyses reveals that net income is negatively associated with community benefits, suggesting justification for taxing higher net income hospitals and reallocating the funds to similarly sized but lower net income hospitals.
Source: Mattie Milner, Stephen Rice, The Conversation, May 7, 2019
Medical robots are helping doctors and other professionals save time, lower costs and shorten patient recovery times, but patients may not be ready. Our research into human perceptions of automated health care finds that people are wary of getting their health care from an automated system, but that they can adjust to the idea – especially if it saves them money.
Hospitals and medical practices are already using a fair amount of automation. For instance, in one San Francisco hospital and other places, delivery robots – about the size of a mini-fridge – zip through the hallways delivering pills, bringing lunch to patients and ferrying specimens and medical equipment to different labs. Some hospitals are set up for delivery robots to open remote-control doors and even use elevators to get around the building.
Source: Rita Sverdlik, Nansis Hayek, Lisa Goldstein, Kendra M. Smith, Moody’s, Not-for-profit and public healthcare – US, Sector Profile, April 25, 2019
Not-for-profit and public hospitals are showing signs of stability with profitability margins holding relatively steady and leverage metrics slightly improving, per our preliminary 2018 medians. The revenue growth rate edged ahead of expenses for the first time since 2015,driven by M&A, steady patient volumes and revenue cycle improvements. Cost-cutting initiatives and lower increases in drug prices contributed to a slower expense growth rate. A weak equity market in 2018 contributed to a slowdown in absolute cash growth while days cash on hand declined.
U.S. Not-For-Profit Health Care Rating And Outlook Change Drivers, First-Quarter 2019
Source: S&P Global Ratings, April 30, 2019
S&P Global Ratings performed a review of factors and how they influenced, positively or negatively, the credit profile of the U.S. not-for-profit health care providers it reviewed in the first quarter of 2019. From Jan. 1 to March 31, operating performance was a driver in 57% of the total 35 rating actions, followed by affiliations or deepened integration of already-affiliated organizations (23%), business position and utilization trends (17%), and balance sheet metrics (17%).
Source: Kaiser Family Foundation, April 26, 2019
To date, 37 states (including DC) have adopted the Medicaid expansion and 14 states have not adopted the expansion. Current status for each state is based on KFF tracking and analysis of state expansion activity.
To view this data in a table format, click here. To download a Powerpoint slide of the expansion status map, click here.
Source: Thomas Aaron, Timothy Blake, Moody’s, Sector In-Depth, April 11, 2019
Pensions and retiree healthcare pose a credit risk for some of the largest mass transit enterprises. Transit enterprises with material unfunded liabilities face budget challenges that can limit capital reinvestment, contribute to rising debt loads and/or lead to lower service levels.
Source: Boards Of Trustees Of The Federal Hospital Insurance And Federal Supplementary Medical Insurance Trust Funds, April 22, 2019
From the press release:
Today, the Medicare Board of Trustees released their annual report for Medicare’s two separate trust funds — the Hospital Insurance (HI) Trust Fund, which funds Medicare Part A, and the Supplementary Medical Insurance (SMI) Trust Fund, which funds Medicare Part B and D. The report found that the HI Trust Fund will be able to pay full benefits until 2026, the same as last year’s report. For the 75-year projection period, the HI actuarial deficit has increased to 0.91 percent of taxable payroll from 0.82 percent in last year’s report. The change in the actuarial deficit is due to several factors, most notably lower assumed productivity growth, as well as effects from slower projected growth in the utilization of skilled nursing facility services, higher costs and lower income in 2018 than expected, lower real discount rates, and a shift in the valuation period.
Medicare’s fiscal outlook deteriorates as 2026 funding cliff looms, Trump administration says
Source: Jeff Stein, Washington Post, April 22, 2019
Medicare, Social Security face shaky fiscal futures
Source: Andrew Taylor, Associated Press, April 22, 2019