Category Archives: Education

U.S. Not-for-Profit Private and Public Higher Education

Source: Moody’s, Rating Methodology, 26 Aug 2011

This rating methodology explains Moody’s approach to assessing credit risk for U.S. public and not-for-profit private colleges and universities. It provides a reference tool that can be used when evaluating credit profiles for U.S. higher education institutions, helping investors, colleges and universities, and other interested market participants understand how key quantitative and qualitative characteristics affect rating outcomes. The report provides a detailed guide to the main analytical factors and ratios that drive ratings in this sector, although it does not include an exhaustive discussion of every ratio or sub-factor that might be relevant when evaluating an individual organization’s unique credit attributes. Related sectors not covered in this report include community colleges, universities outside of the United States, and for-profit education providers.
Highlights of this report include:
» The combination of public and private higher education into a single methodology
» The introduction of a scorecard with a weighted quantitative grid and notching for qualitative factors

Investing in Education Powers U.S. Competitiveness

Source: Diana Epstein, Center for American Progress, September 6, 2011

From the summary:
Education is the key to American competitiveness and a strong economy, and continued federal investment in education is needed in order to support improvements in student achievement and put our economy on the path to sustained growth. The United States suffers from persistent differences in achievement between groups of students defined by race/ethnicity or family income, and our students also rank well behind those in economically competitive countries on international tests. We must continue to invest in education in order to create a system that is more equitable and that produces American students who are more competitive in the global marketplace for talent.

Six reasons to support continued federal investment in education:
– Global competitiveness
– Ensuring all students reach high standards of achievement
– Economic returns
– Jobs
– Savings elsewhere
– Path to the middle class

Sis, boom, bust: The high cost of college sports

Source: Rick Karr, PBS, Need to Know, March 2011

From the summary:
While state budget deficits force public universities to make painful cuts, one area not feeling the budget knife much is intercollegiate sports. How is this imbalance affecting the classroom?…But on many campuses, spending on intercollegiate athletics is actually growing, even though most sports programs run up millions of dollars a year in annual deficits. That means that while public universities are cutting in classrooms, your tuition dollars — and maybe even your tax dollars — are subsidizing big-time college sports.

Watch the full episode. See more Need To Know.

Developing a Competent Workforce

Source: Zero to Three, September 2011
(subscription required)

Articles include:
Individualized and Effective Professional Development Supports in Early Care and Education Settings by Robert C. Pianta

Integrating Resources and Strategies Into an Emerging System of Professional Development: The Case of PITC in California by Peter L. Mangione, J. Ronald Lally, Janet L. Poole, Alicia Tuesta, and Arlene R. Paxton

Training, Consultation, and Mentoring: Supporting Effective Responses to Challenging Behavior in Early Care and Education Settings by Deborah Hirschland

The Emotional Labor of Early Head Start Home Visiting by Valeri Lane

10 Policy Recommendations to Build a Strong Infant-Toddler Workforce by Barbara Gebhard, Lynn Jones, and Susan Ochshorn

Education and Labor in Tension: Contemporary Debates about Education in the US Labor Movement

Source: Rebecca Tarlau, Labor Studies Journal, Vol. 36 no. 3, September 2011
(subscription required)

From the abstract:
This article examines the conflicting visions within the US labor movement about the proper function and implementation of labor education programs, and how educational programs are connected to union structure. While this article is primarily based on interviews with union officials, the article also draws on union documents and participant observation in union meetings and educational workshops. The author argues that an analysis of worker education programs is an appropriate entry point for drawing out the similarities and differences that exist about the goals, structure, and political values of different unions in the contemporary US labor movement.

Early Care and Education State Budget Actions FY 2011

Source: National Conference of State Legislatures, 2011

Click on a state for specific changes to child care, prekindergarten, home visiting and other early childhood that occurred from FY 2010 to FY 2011. The map is based on survey information gathered for the Early Care and Education State Budget Action FY 2011 report. Please see chart below if the map is not viewable.

Early Care and Education State Budget Actions FY 2011 report is based on data compiled from an annual survey of state fiscal decisions in early care and education policy and programs, including child care, prekindergarten, home visiting and other related early childhood programs. The report tracks and analyzes trends in state decisions, particularly aiming to capture state funding choices in these areas. According to survey findings, funding for early care and education across the four areas surveyed remained stable with a slight increase. Click here to download highlights from the survey data findings.

In addition, 50-state profiles of data from FY 2008 to FY 2011 are available. Specific state and category information for Alabama through Hawaii can be found here, Idaho through Minnesota can be found here, Mississippi through Oregon can be found here and Pennsylvania through U.S. Virgin Islands can be found here.

Academic Library Trends, 1998-2008

Source: Denise M. Davis, American Library Association, July 2011

The National Center for Education Statistics in collaboration with the academic library community conducts a biennial survey that captures information about libraries in all degree‐granting colleges and universities including location, hours of operation, staffing, types of services offered, collection type and size, and questions to understand trends in their impact. These data are then reported by institutional characteristics such as public or private, degree‐granting level, size (full‐time equivalent enrollment) and, Carnegie Classification.

Consideration of all data reported were made, and it was determined that core library operating components would best demonstrate change during the period of analysis. The summary findings presented in this report demonstrate the influence of technology on academic library expenditures, collections and services and that use is not less, just different. Analysis of data reported between 1998 and 2008 provide insight into changes in 2008 from 1998 that are not as prominent when reviewing findings in closer
periodicity.

Geographic Variations in Health Care Workforce Training in the US: The Case of Registered Nurses

Source: Jan Blustein, Medical Care, Volume 49 Issue 8, August 2011
(subscription required)

From the abstract:
In the United States, registered nurses (RNs) are trained through 1 of 3 educational pathways: a diploma course, an associate’s degree, or a baccalaureate degree in nursing. A national consensus has emerged that the proportion of RNs who are baccalaureate trained should be substantially increased. Yet, achieving that goal may be difficult in areas where college graduates are unlikely to reside….Nationwide, there are substantial geographic variations in the training of hospital RNs. Educational segregation (the tendency for educated people to cluster geographically) may make it more difficult to achieve a baccalaureate degree in nursing-rich nursing workforce in some areas of the United States.

Flaws call for rejecting Crain and Crain model

Source: John S. Irons Andrew Green, Issue Brief #308, July 19, 2011

From the press release:
Claims by researchers Nicole and Mark Crain that government regulations cost $1.75 trillion are fundamentally flawed, says a new critique released today by the Economic Policy Institute. Flaws call for rejecting Crain and Crain model by research and policy director John Irons and Andrew Green, is a thorough critique of the deficient model Crain and Crain developed to estimate the cost of “economic regulations,” which account for 70 percent of the large cost of regulations they found in the 2010 study they wrote for the Small Business Administration’s Office of Advocacy that is often cited by critics of regulations.
See also:
Read technical memo distributed April 26, 2011

The State of America’s Children 2011

Source: Children’s Defense Fund, July 18, 2011

From the abstract:
CDF’s new report The State of America’s Children 2011 finds children have fallen further behind in many of the leading indicators over the past year as the country slowly climbs out of the recession. This is a comprehensive compilation and analysis of the most recent and reliable national and state-by-state data on population, poverty, family structure, family income, health, nutrition, early childhood development, education, child welfare, juvenile justice, and gun violence. The report provides key child data showing alarming numbers of children at risk: children are the poorest age group with 15.5 million children–one in every five children in America–living in poverty, and more than 60 percent of fourth, eighth and 12th grade public school students are reading or doing math below grade level.