Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Inspector General, OEI-05-07-00330, September 2007
Nationally the percentage of uninsured low-income children decreased between 2002 and 2005….
However, no State had a statistically significant change in the percentage of uninsured low-income children….
In 2006, 37 States met or made progress in meeting at least half of their performance goals….
Despite improvements made by CMS to the Annual Report template, States’ progress remains difficult to assess….
Source: Jennifer V. Doctors, Pre-K Now, September 2007
From the press release:
A record-breaking 36 states increased funding for pre-kindergarten according to a report released today by Pre-K Now. “Votes Count: Legislative Action on Pre-K Fiscal Year 2008,” an annual state-by-state analysis of legislative support for pre-k, shows historic momentum for funding early education across the country, with 528 million new dollars committed to providing at least 88,000 more children access to pre-k. The number of states increasing pre-k funding breaks last year’s record of 34, and far exceeds the FY05 record of 15.
• Individual state data
Source: Karen Schulman and Helen Blank, National Women’s Law Center, Issue Brief, September 2007
The analysis, State Child Care Assistance Policies 2007: Some Steps Forward, More Progress Needed, compares child care assistance policies in 2007 to 2006 and 2001 in four key policy areas: reimbursement rates for providers, income eligibility, waiting lists for assistance and copayment requirements. States have made some progress since 2006 in the areas of income eligibility and waiting lists, the report found, but less progress was made in copayments, and almost no progress was made in reimbursement rates. Most states also continue to be behind where they were in 2001.
Source: Kaiser Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured, September 2007
Medicaid and SCHIP play a crucial role in the U.S. health insurance system by providing coverage for more than one in four children. These children are typically from lower income families for whom private plans are often unavailable or unaffordable. During 2005, about 28 million children were on Medicaid and more than 6 million were covered through the State Children’s Health Insurance Program (SCHIP). However, 9.4 million children remain uninsured, and the vast majority of these children are from low and middle income families
Source: Catherine Teare, Len Finocchio, Victoria Martin-Young, California HealthCare Foundation, August 2007
From the overview:
The automated process known as the Child Health and Disability Prevention (CHDP) Gateway debuted in 2003 as California’s largest effort to enroll children in health insurance programs. It was an unprecedented experiment that used innovative methods to identify and pre-enroll eligible children into temporary Medi-Cal coverage, and then facilitate their transition into long-term enrollment in Medi-Cal or Healthy Families.
Modernizing Enrollment in California’s Health Programs for Children
Source: Center for Children and Families, Georgetown University Health Policy Institute, July 20, 2007
In a report released this spring, the Center for Children and Families (CCF) conducted a nationwide review of state efforts to provide health care coverage to uninsured children. The report, titled “States Moving Forward,” focused on legislation adopted between January 2006 and mid- April 2007, as well as on proposals under serious consideration as of mid-April 2007. In this update, CCF reports on the status of these proposals as of July 20, 2007.
Getting to the Finish Line: a monthly report on federal and state policy issues affecting children’s health
Moving Backward: New Federally Imposed Limits On States’ Ability to Cover Children
Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of International Labor Affairs, 2007
From the press release:
The U.S. Department of Labor today released its sixth annual report on the worst forms of child labor in 141 countries and territories that receive U.S. trade benefits.
ILAB prepared the department’s 2006 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor under the child labor reporting requirement of the Trade and Development Act of 2000. The act requires trade-beneficiary countries and territories to implement their international commitments to eliminate the worst forms of child labor.
As defined by the International Labor Organization Convention 182, the worst forms of child labor include any form of slavery, such as forced or indentured child labor; the trafficking of children and the forced recruitment of children for use in armed conflict; child prostitution and pornography; the use of children for illicit activities such as drug trafficking; and work that is likely to harm the health, safety or morals of children.
This report presents information on the nature and extent of the worst forms of child labor in each of the 141 countries and territories and the efforts being made by their governments to eliminate these problems. The bureau’s Office of Child Labor, Forced Labor and Human Trafficking collected data from a wide variety of sources, including U.S. embassies and consulates, foreign governments, nongovernmental organizations and international agencies. In addition, bureau staff conducted field visits to some countries covered in the report.
Source: C. Eugene Steuerle, Gillian Reynolds, Adam Carasso, The Urban Institute, September 7, 2007
From the abstract:
We chart U.S. federal spending on investment in total and for children from 1965 to 2017. Five major categories can be considered–some more so than others–to be investment or to have investment components: education and research, work supports, social supports, physical capital, and defense investment. Relative to GDP or domestic spending, we found that total investment and investment in children–under almost any definition–fell over the 1965-2006 period, though with some recent rebounds. More important, projections of current policies show that overall government investment and especially investment in children are threatened to decline in relative and sometimes absolute importance, squeezed out mainly by faster, automatically growing programs that tend to favor consumption. These data raise the question of what relative priority the government should place on investment, and particularly investment in children.
Source: Robert Greenstein, Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, July 20, 2007
Congress is considering legislation to reauthorize the State Children’s Health Insurance Program (SCHIP), a successful federal health program enjoying bipartisan support that, together with Medicaid, has reduced the proportion and the number of low-income children who are insured by about one third since 1997. On July 19, the Senate Finance Committee approved bipartisan legislation by a 17-4 vote, and two House committees are expected to act shortly thereafter.
The Bush Administration, however, is characterizing the children’s health insurance legislation being developed in Congress as a big-government approach that would pave the way for socialized medicine, do little for low-income children, and primarily shift people with good incomes from private health care coverage to government health insurance at taxpayers’ expense.
Source: CoverTheUninsured.org (Robert Wood Johnson Foundation), August 2007
From press release:
With the State Children’s Health Insurance Program (SCHIP) set to expire Sept. 30, experts say that unless Congress and the White House reauthorize the program and agree on its funding, coverage for vulnerable children nationwide will be in jeopardy. At risk are millions of children who were covered by SCHIP at some point last year and millions more who are SCHIP-eligible, but not yet enrolled.
According to an analysis of government data released today, more than 6.6 million children were covered by SCHIP at some point last year. Nearly 9 million children remain uninsured. Before adjourning for summer recess last week, the U.S. House of Representatives and the U.S. Senate approved separate SCHIP bills that would provide funding to cover more SCHIP-eligible children. Amidst presidential veto threats, lawmakers from both chambers must now negotiate consensus legislation to send to the White House.