….Shrinking cities are under pressure by their state governments to remain solvent. This manifests itself as a singular focus on this area of public management. This has also led to an increasing reliance on non-governmental entities to provide important community services. Governance in these cities has been described as reliant on collaborations and networks between government, non-profits and businesses in a structured, but non-hierarchical way. This has raised serious concerns about democracy when these entities are providing many of the services that a city government used to provide through accountable and transparent means. It also increases uncertainty in the long-term provision of these services. These are difficult problems without simple solutions, with shrinking cities continuing to lose population…..