Lower Nurse-to-Patient Ratio: Higher Patient Satisfaction

Source: Teresa Dousay, Bailey Childers, Madison Cole, Tara Hill and Charles Rogers, Morehead State University, (undated)

• Determine if lower nurse to patient ratio improved patient satisfaction
• To assess how nurse-to patient ratios and nurse work hours affect the patients hospital stay.
• To determine whether nurse staffing in California hospitals, where state mandated minimum nurse to patient ratios are in effect, differs from Kentucky with no mandated ratio

The issue of nursing care and patient staffing ratios is not new to medical-surgical nurses. It took national importance in 1996 with the release of an Institute of Medicine (IOM) report that evaluated nursing and patient safety. Patient’s conditions have become complex and require more nursing attention than before, yet, hospitals have become more economically focused and business oriented. Hospital nurse staffing is a matter of major concern because of the effects it can have on patient safety and quality of care. Nursing-sensitive outcomes are one indicator of quality of care and may be defined as “variable patient or family caregiver state, condition, or perception responsive to nursing intervention”. Most research has focused on adverse rather than positive patient outcomes for the simple reason that adverse outcomes are more likely documented in the medical record (Stanton, 2004, p. 2). This project focuses on positive nursing sensitive outcomes such as patient satisfaction, shortened inpatient length of stay and decreased hospital readmissions. The purpose of this paper is to reinforce the hypothesis that lower nurse-to-patient ratio results to higher patient satisfaction…..

Mandated Nurse-to-Patient Staffing Ratios: Benefits at the Bedside and Beyond
Source: Advanced Medical Reviews, February 28, 2019
….Adequate nurse staffing can reduce medical errors, patient mortality, length of stay, preventable events such as patient falls, healthcare-associated infections (HAIs), pressure ulcers and central line infections. It also may reduce patient care costs by avoiding readmissions. ….