Where have all the workers gone? An inquiry into the decline of the U.S. labor force participation rate

Source: Alan B. Krueger, Brookings Papers on Economic Activity (BPEA), BPEA Conference Drafts, August 26, 2017

From the summary:
The increase in opioid prescriptions from 1999 to 2015 could account for about 20 percent of the observed decline in men’s labor force participation (LFP) during that same period.

In “Where have all the workers gone? An inquiry into the decline of the U.S. labor force participation rate” (PDF), Princeton University’s Alan Krueger examines the labor force implications of the opioid epidemic on a local and national level.