Trade Liberalization and Mortality: Evidence from U.S. Counties

Source: Justin R. Pierce, Peter K. Schott, National Bureau of Economic Research, NBER Working Paper No. 22849, November 2016
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From the abstract:
We investigate the impact of a large economic shock on mortality. We find that counties more exposed to a plausibly exogenous trade liberalization exhibit higher rates of suicide and related causes of death, concentrated among whites, especially white males. These trends are consistent with our finding that more-exposed counties experience relative declines in manufacturing employment, a sector in which whites and males are disproportionately employed. We also examine other causes of death that might be related to labor market disruption and find both positive and negative relationships. More-exposed counties, for example, exhibit lower rates of fatal heart attacks.