The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Block Grant: A Primer on TANF Financing and Federal Requirements

Source: Gene Falk, Congressional Research Service, CRS Report, RL32748, November 21, 2016

….This report provides an overview of TANF financing and rules for state programs, describing
• federal TANF grants and state funds under a “maintenance-of-effort” (MOE) requirement;
• how states may use federal TANF and state MOE funds to help achieve the purpose and goals of the TANF block grant;
• rules that apply to states when they use TANF or MOE funds to provide cash welfare to needy families with children;
• rules that apply to states when they use TANF or MOE funds for benefits and services other than cash welfare;
• certain accountability requirements that apply to states, including requirements that states submit plans and report data to the federal government; and
• provisions of TANF law not directly related to grants to states, such as competitive grants for promoting healthy marriage and responsible fatherhood, and tribal TANF provisions….