The Economic Impacts of Removing Unauthorized Immigrant Workers: An Industry- and State-Level Analysis

Source: Ryan Edwards and Francesc Ortega, Center for American Progress, September 2016

From the summary:
In every state and in every industry across the United States, immigrants—authorized and unauthorized—are contributing to the U.S. economy. Immigrant labor and entrepreneurship are believed to be powerful forces of economic revitalization for communities struggling with population decline. Estimates suggest that the total number of unauthorized immigrants currently residing in the United States is approximately 11.3 million, or about 3.5 percent of the total 2015 resident population of 324.4 million. Of those 11.3 million, we estimate that 7 million are workers. What is the economic contribution of these unauthorized workers? What would the nation stand to lose in terms of production and income if these workers were removed and returned to their home countries?
The main findings of this report are as follows:
• A policy of mass deportation would immediately reduce the nation’s GDP by 1.4 percent, and ultimately by 2.6 percent, and reduce cumulative GDP over 10 years by $4.7 trillion. …..
• Mass deportation would cost the federal government nearly $900 billion in lost revenue over 10 years. …..
• Hard-hit industries would see double-digit reductions in their workforces. …..
• The largest declines in GDP would occur in the largest industries, not in immigrant-heavy industries. …..
• States with the most unauthorized workers will experience the largest declines in state GDP. …..
Interactive: Removing Unauthorized Workers Harms States and Industries Across the Country