The Freedom of Information Act Turns Fifty & Is Revised

Source: Congressional Research Service, CRS Reports & Analysis, Legal Sidebar, July 1, 2016

Fifty years ago, President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) into law to confer the public with a statutory right of access to many federal agency records. On June 30, 2016, President Barack Obama signed The FOIA Improvement Act (S.337) into law to reform FOIA. The FOIA was drafted to clarify the Administrative Procedure Act, which agency heads had interpreted as authorizing broad, discretionary powers to withhold records. Although the original FOIA proposal was well received by the press, federal agencies were resistant. The Senate passed S. 1160 in 1965 after nearly 6 years of consideration, the House in 1966 after 11 years of legislative development. …. As FOIA moves into its second half-century, the law will likely continue to serve as a primary legal authority supporting requests by private entities for government information. The subject of such requests seems likely to evolve over time, as will the nature of information which the government believes should be shielded from public disclosure. Given the changing nature of these issues, legislative interest in FOIA is likely to continue. ….