The Importance of Workplace Motives in Understanding Work–Family Issues for Older Workers

Source: Gregory R. Thrasher, Keith Zabel, Kevin Wynne, Boris B. Baltes, Work, Aging and Retirement, First published online: October 3, 2015
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From the abstract:
As the average age of the working population continues to rise, it becomes increasingly important for organizations to understand the factors that contribute to the maintenance of a healthy and effective work life for older workers. One important factor for older workers is the relationship between changing motives and the role this plays with their lives both within and outside of work. This article aims to provide insight on this issue by examining the role work motives play in the experience of work–family conflict (WFC) in older workers. In order to achieve this, this article first gives an overview of the current state of the literature on WFC across the life span, with a focus on older individuals. Second, theories (social-emotional selectivity theory; selection, optimization, and compensation; emotion regulation) will be discussed that help explain how shifts in life, work, and social desires impact the importance of work and family roles in later life. Finally, the article will examine how the empirical findings on WFC and work motives in older workers have practical implications for organizations hoping to create a healthy working environment for their older employees.