Will Social Security Keep Fewer of Tomorrow’s Elderly Out of Poverty?

Source: Steven A. Sass, Center for Retirement Research at Boston College, IB#15-19, November 2015

The brief’s key findings are:
– Social Security has been very successful in reducing old-age poverty, but this success could be challenged if benefits are cut to close the program’s funding gap.
– The effect of benefit cuts on poverty depends on how poverty is defined.
– The official measure of poverty is a static concept that does not account for rising living standards.
– Thus, a spike in poverty from benefit cuts would be transient, as wage growth would push up Social Security benefits over time.
– In contrast, a supplemental measure of poverty, which many experts consider more accurate, increases the poverty thresholds along with wage growth.
– Under this measure, then, benefit cuts would cause a long-lasting rise in poverty rates, as wage growth would push up poverty thresholds as well as benefit levels.