Taxation and Inequality in Canada and the United States: Two Stories or One?

Source: Richard M. Bird, Eric M. Zolt, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) – School of Law, Law-Econ Research Paper No. 15-15, August 28, 2015

From the abstract:
Canada and the United States have both experienced a substantial increase in income inequality over the last several decades. In this article, we examine the complex interaction of income inequality with tax and transfer systems in Canada and the United States. We begin by comparing the data on taxation and expenditure to understand the similarities and differences between the two countries. We then consider how changes to tax and transfer policies have affected the levels of inequality in both countries. The article concludes by offering some policy recommendations that each country may consider to address the increasing levels of inequality.