Collective Bargaining 101

Source: Erin Johansson, Jobs With Justice, August 3, 2015

What is collective bargaining?
– Collective bargaining is the formal process of negotiation between an employer and a group of employees—often with their union representative—that sets the terms and conditions of work.
– Collective bargaining results in a collective bargaining agreement (CBA), a legally binding agreement that lays out policies agreed to by management and labor. Because of its role in governing the actions of both management and labor, a CBA is often referred to as the “law” of the workplace. While each agreement is unique to a given labor-management relationship, most CBAs include provisions that address compensation, scheduling, promotions, discipline and job standards. CBAs also usually contain a grievance procedure, which provides a process for resolving disputes between management and labor over interpretation of the contract and in the event of employee discipline or termination……

Other topics covered:
When does collective bargaining occur?…. Who can collectively bargain? …. What Topics Can Employees Bargain Over? ….. The Collective Bargaining Process…. What happens when management and labor don’t agree?….. Expanding the Theater of Bargaining….