A Transformation in Mexican Migration to the United States

Source: Rogelio Sáenz, University of New Hampshire, Carsey School of Public Policy, National Issue Brief #86, Summer 2015

From the press release:
As comments about the nature of Mexican immigrants to the United States have flashed in the headlines, new research from the Carsey School of Public Policy at the University of New Hampshire finds migration from Mexico to the U.S. dropped more than 50 percent in the last five years and that those migrating tend to have higher socioeconomic status, are older, and are more likely to be women. … The research uses data from the 2008 and 2013 American Community Surveys to compare the demographic and socioeconomic profiles of Mexican migrants who migrated in the five years prior to each survey. Between the two surveys the volume of migration fell from 1.9 million to 819,000, a drop of 57 percent. In addition to the decline in migration, Sáenz’s research found the characteristics of Mexican migrants moving to the U.S. have shifted noticeably. Between 2008 and 2012 (compared to 2003-2007) Mexican migrants were more likely to be naturalized citizens, fluent in English, more educated and somewhat less motivated by employment factors. In addition, they are more likely to be people with socioeconomic resources who are fleeing violence in Mexico. ….