California Water Rate Trends

Source: Sanjay Gaur, Drew Atwater, Journal – American Water Works Association, Volume 107 Number 1, January 2015
(subscription required)

From the abstract:
Trends of steadily rising total water bills, commodity increases, and a move toward conservation-based rate structures across 14 California counties between 2003 and 2013 may be a predictor of what’s to come for the rest of the country.
Related:
Appropriate Pricing Policy Needed Worldwide for Improving Water Services Infrastructure
Source: Jarmo J. Hukka, Tapio S. Katko, Journal – American Water Works Association, Volume 107 Number 1, January 2015
(subscription required)

From the abstract:
This article highlights the enormous and growing gap between the projected and required financing of water services infrastructure, which is caused by unviable pricing and/or cost-recovery regimes. Globally there is a growing funding gap in rehabilitation, renewal, and replacement of aging water infrastructure and the need for future greenfield investments. Underpricing of water services and the need for rehabilitation seem to be worldwide phenomena. There are diverse constraints in OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development) and non-OECD countries contributing to underpriced water services; however, the message is clear: the global water industry must stop underpricing precious water resources. Future enjoyment of sustainable water services will require customers to bear all or at least a major part of the costs. Better awareness of broader economic and social benefits of water supply, and particularly of sanitation, also will be needed.