Source: Scott D. Pattison, Public Manager, Vol. 43 no 1, Spring 2014
… The uncertainty generated by a federal shutdown is a serious problem for states, especially when it is unclear how long the shutdown will last. A federal shutdown is an extremely disruptive action for state governments, which manage numerous federal programs and receive grants for many activities such as education and law enforcement. Nearly one-third of all monies received and administered by states come from the federal government… Some of the best examples of this disruption involve three major federally funded programs: Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP); Women, Infants, and Children (WIC); and Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF), which are administered by the states. Many Americans receive funds from these programs. To put these programs into context, roughly 47 million Americans receive SNAP benefits (food stamps). Total monthly participation in the WIC program last year averaged 8.7 million. And recipients of monthly TANF benefits averaged roughly 3.8 million. ….