The Road Ahead: County Transportation Funding and Financing

Source: Emilia Istrate, Kavita Mak and Anya Nowakowski, National Association of Counties (NACo), Policy Research Paper Series, Issue 2, 2014

From the summary:
Counties are an essential part of the nation’s transportation system. They are responsible for building and maintaining 45% of the public roads, 230,690 bridges and are involved in a third of the nation’s transit and airport systems that connect residents, businesses and communities. The impending expiration of the federal surface transportation funding law, Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (MAP-21), presents an opportunity for counties to discuss their role in the national transportation network.

An analysis of county transportation (roads and bridges only) funding sources, challenges and solutions across the 48 states with county governments shows that:
– Federal and state highway funding for county transportation projects is increasingly inadequate. …
– ​​Counties face the dilemma of rising costs of transportation projects, increasing traffic volumes and limitations on their ability to generate revenue. …
– Counties have adopted additional funding and financing mechanisms, but they are not sufficient to cover the needs of their businesses and residents. …
Related:
Interactive Map
Executive Summary