From the summary:
This brief examines the growth of wellness plans and documents the health and financial benefits they have produced.
• The evidence indicates that wellness programs are successful in improving the health status of employees and in slowing health care costs.
• Financial incentives encourage employees and retirees to change behaviors.
• Few governments or agencies have conducted systematic assessments of plans.
• Retirees can benefit from wellness programs, but may require additional considerations.
• Wellness programs likely will yield higher dividends to public employers than to private employers due to the longer career pattern of public employees.