The Changing Face of U.S. Labor, 1983-2008

Source: John Schmitt and Kris Warner, Center for Economic and Policy Research, July 31, 2011

From the abstract:
In the early 1980s, over half of the unionized workforce were white men. Today, white men account for only about 38 percent of union workers. In the intervening years, the shares of women, Latinos, and Asian Pacific Americans in the total union workforce have surged, while African Americans have held a roughly steady share of the union workforce. Over the same period, union workers have also grown older and better educated and shifted out of manufacturing and into services, particularly into the public sector. Some of these developments reflect changes in the broader U.S. workforce, which today has more women, more Latinos, more Asian-Pacific Americans and is also older and more educated than in the past. Some of these trends, however, respond to particular issues affecting unions and the industries and occupations where they were historically concentrated.

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