Children in Poverty: Trends, Consequences, and Policy Options

Source: Kristin Anderson Moore, Zakia Redd, Mary Burkhauser, Kassim Mbwana, Ashleigh Collins, Child Trends, Publication #2009-11 April 2009

Nearly one out of five children in the United States was living in poverty in 2007, and this percentage has been increasing since 2000. A new Child Trends research brief, Children in Poverty: Trends, Consequences, and Policy Options, uses 2007 Census data to present a statistical portrait of children in poverty in the U.S., updating similar briefs Child Trends produced in 1999 and 2002. The brief also highlights research on the consequences of poverty for children and suggests program and policy approaches that hold promise for decreasing poverty among low-income children and their families.

Among the trends:
The poverty rate for children younger than 18 increased from 17.4 percent in 2006 to 18 percent in 2007, the highest rate since 1998. This 18 percent translates into 13.3 million children living in poverty in the U.S., an increase of 497,000 children between 2006 and 2007.

Children are almost twice as likely to be poor as older adults. In 2007, the poverty rate was 9.7 percent for people 65 and older, compared with 18 percent for children younger than 18.

Substantial racial disparities persist: black and Hispanic children were more than twice as likely to live in poverty in 2007 as non-Hispanic white and Asian children. 34.5 percent of black children and 28.6 percent of Hispanic children lived in poverty in 2007, compared with 10.1 percent of non-Hispanic white children and 12.5 percent of Asian children.

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