This report describes existing federal programs that provide targeted assistance to homeless individuals and families (other federal programs may provide assistance to homeless individuals but are not specifically designed to assist homeless persons). These include those programs listed above, as well as others that Congress has created since the enactment of McKinney-Vento. In addition, this report summarizes homelessness legislation enacted in the 110th Congress and discusses current issues related to homelessness, including the recent economic downturn, chronic homelessness, and potential reauthorization of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Grants. Finally, Table 1 at the end of this report shows funding levels for each of the ED, DHS, HHS, HUD, DOL, and Department of Justice (DOJ) programs that assist homeless individuals. Table 2 shows funding levels for VA programs.