The Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP) is responsible for confining federal offenders in prisons that are safe, humane, cost-efficient, and secure. As part of these duties, the BOP is responsible for delivering medically necessary health care to inmates in accordance with applicable standards of care.
As of November 29, 2007, the BOP housed 166,794 inmates in 114 BOP institutions at 93 locations.1 During FY 2007, the BOP obligated about $736 million for inmate health care. The BOP provides health care services to inmates primarily through: (1) in-house medical providers employed by the BOP or assigned to the BOP from the Public Health Service, and (2) contracted medical providers who provide either comprehensive care or individual services.
To control the rising cost of health care, since the early 1990s the BOP has implemented initiatives aimed at providing more efficient and effective inmate health care. The BOP’s on-going initiatives include assigning most inmates to institutions based on the care level required by the inmate, installing an electronic medical records system that connects institutions, implementing tele-health to provide health care services through video conferencing, and implementing a bill adjudication process to avoid costly errors when validating health care-related invoices. We include a discussion of these cost-cutting initiatives and the effect the initiatives have had on controlling inmate health care costs in the Findings and Recommendations section of this report.